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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 552Book's First Page
21.10 ndian onom Funding: The policy proposes raising public Background: The Government of India adopted an health expenditure to 2.5 per cent of the GDP elaborate procedure for formulation of the health in a time bound manner. It aims at providing policy. Its Draft was placed in public domain on larger package of assured comprehensive primary 30th December 2014. After detailed consultations healthcare through the HWCs (Health and with stakeholders and State Governments, it was Wellness Centres). further fine-tuned. Finally, by late February 2016 it received the endorsement of the Central Council Private participation: The idea of universal for Health & Family Welfare (the apex policy healthcare is very realistic to the time as it has making body). Since the last health policy was decided to enhance the participation of the private announced in 2002, the country has seen much sector in a positive and proactive way in achieving socio-economic and epidemiological changes. the goals of the policy. It envisages private sector Besides, there are some burning current challenges collaboration for strategic purchasing, capacity as well as emerging ones. To address these issues building, skill development programmes, in holistic and effective way, the Government awareness generation, developing sustainable needed to come out with a newly designed and networks for community to strengthen mental contemporary kind of health policy—the outcome health services, and disaster management. The is the NHP 2017. policy also advocates financial and non-incentives The newly announced (in the Union Budget for encouraging the private sector participation. 2018-19) National Health Protection Scheme Quantitative targets: The policy assigns specific (NHPS) is a historic step in this regard. The quantitative targets aimed at reduction of disease scheme aims to cover over 10 crore poor and prevalence/incidence, for health status and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore programme impact, health system performance beneficiaries) providing coverage upto Rs. 5 lakh and system strengthening. It seeks to strengthen per family per year for secondary and tertiary care the health, surveillance system and establish hospitalisation. registries for diseases of public health importance, by 2020. It also seeks to align other policies for 5. AfTereffecTS of DemoNeTiSATioN medical devices and equipment with public health goals. introDuction Regulatory mechanism: The policy advocates Early November 2016, the Government announced extensive deployment of digital tools for a historic measure, with profound implications for improving the efficiency and outcome of the the economy—the largest denomination currency healthcare system and proposes establishment of notes, Rs 500 and Rs 1000, were demonetised. National Digital Health Authority (NDHA) to Eighty-six per cent of the cash in circulation thus regulate, develop and deploy digital health across became invalid. According to the Government, the continuum of care. this was aimed to serve four objectives5: Voluntary support: The policy supports (i) Curbing corruption; voluntary service in rural and under-served areas (ii) Counterfeiting of currencies; on pro-bono (free of charge) basis by recognised 5. The write-up is primarily based on the Economic Survey healthcare professionals under a ‘giving back to 2016-17 and the primary sources of the Government of society’ initiative. India released till March 2017.