H man Development in ndia           20.13
     that leverage the private sector along with public              assessment to help them secure a job for
     initiatives. Some recent steps in this regard are as            a better future. The actual success of this
     given below:                                                    initiative can be gauged by the number of
              With the setting up of the NSDC,                       trained personnel being employed, which
              progress is being made towards creating                also needs to be measured and periodically
              increased awareness about the skill gap                reported.
              and a thrust towards skill development in              The DDU-GKY (Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
              both the government and private sector                 Grameen Kaushalya Yojana), a placement-
              employers as well as the Indian masses.                linked skill development scheme for
              The establishment of the National Skill                rural youth (who are poor), as a skilling
              Qualification Framework (NSQF) will                    component of the NRLM (National
              also facilitate increased adoption of                  rural Livelihood Mission) has also been
              skill development programmes, with                     launched.
              availability of pathways for progression               National Action Plan (NAP) for skill and
              between higher education and skill                     training has been launched with a view
              development.                                           to increasing the scope of employability
              A multipronged policy approach to enable               among differently-abled persons. Under
              skill development including but not                    it a network of skill training providers
              limited to initiatives such as setting up of           led by training partners from government
                                                                     and non-government sectors has to be
              Sector Skill Councils (SSCs), definition
                                                                     established. It will also include vocational
              of Occupation Standards, drawing up of
                                                                     rehabilitation centres. The plan has a
              the NSQF and funding initiatives such
                                                                     target of skilling 5 lakh differently-abled
              as the Standard Training and Assessment
                                                                     persons in next three years (up to 2017-
              Reward (STAR) scheme are likely to
                                                                     18). Plans are also on the anvil to extend
              create a widespread positive impact on
                                                                     the NAP with an online skill-training
              the skill ecosystem in India.                          platform with a target of 5 lakh every year.
              The SSCs as autonomous industry-led                    National Policy on Skill Development and
              bodies through the NSDC create National                Entrepreneurship 2015 aims to ensure
              Occupational Standards (NOSs) and                      skilling on a large scale at a speed with
              Qualification Packs (QP) for each job                  high Standards and promote a culture
              role in the sector, develop competency                 of innovation based entrepreneurship
              frameworks, conduct training of trainers,              to ensure sustainable livelihoods.
              conduct skill gap studies and assess                   Accordingly, a Policy Implementation
              through independent agencies and certify               Unit (PIU) will identify all the stakeholders
              trainees on the curriculum aligned to                  involved and flag the actionable points to
              NOSs developed by them.                                the responsible agency.
              Under the PMKVY (Pradhan Mantri                   Given that India has one of the youngest
              Kaushal Vikas Yojana), which targets         populations in the world, there is immense
              offering 24 lakh Indian youth meaningful,    potential for overseas employment opportunities
              industry-relevant, skill-based training and  for skilled persons from India. The process of
              a government certification on successful     mapping such opportunities through the NSDC
              completion of training along with            is also in progress during 2016-17.