19.12           ndian     onom
     mechanisms together with fiscal instruments and                    energy from waste and is aimed at
     regulatory interventions. However, it needs to be                  lowering India’s dependence on coal, oil
     emphasized that international finance is a critical                and gas for power production.
     enabler for the scaled up climate action plans.             (iii) The ‘National Mission on Coastal Areas’
                                                                        (NMCA) will prepare an integrated
        IndIa and clImatE chanGE                                        coastal resource management plan and
                                                                        map vulnerabilities along the entire
     India’s concerns and actions towards climate
                                                                        (nearly 7000-km-long) shoreline.
     change appear in its policies by early 1997 itself
                                                                  (iv) The ‘Wind Mission’ seeks to increase the
     when it officially accepted the idea of sustainable
                                                                        share of wind energy in the renewable
     development. Since then, several sectoral initiatives
                                                                        energy mix of India. It is likely to be
     have been take by the country. By 2008, India had
                                                                        given an initial target of producing about
     launched its eight national missions on climate
                                                                        50,000–60,000 MW of power by the
     change. Over the time, India has not only played
                                                                        year 2022.
     a very dynamic role at the international fora but it
     has also taken appreciable domestic efforts in this      sAPcc
     direction10—
                                                              The State Action Plans on Climate Change
     NAPCC: A major component of India’s domestic             (SAPCC) aim to create institutional capacities and
     actions against climate change is the National           implement sectoral activities to address climate
     Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). In                change. These plans are focused on adaptation
     2017-18, the PM’s Council on Climate Change              with mitigation as co-benefit in sectors such as
     (PMCCC) directed the missions under the                  water, agriculture, tourism, forestry, transport,
     NAPCC to enhance their ambition in respect               habitat and energy. So far, 28 states and 5 union
     of adaptation, mitigation and capacity building          territories (UTs) have submitted their SAPCCs
     and reprioritize them, besides recommending the          to the MoEF and CC (Ministry of Environment
     setting up of some new missions in addition to the       and Climate Change). Out of these, the SAPCCs
     existing eight:                                          of 32 states and UTs have been endorsed by the
           (i) Considering the adverse impacts that           National Steering Committee on Climate Change
                climate change could have on health, a        (NSCCC) at the MoEF&CC.
                new ‘Mission on Climate Change and
                Health’ is currently under formulation        nAfcc
                and a National Expert Group on Climate        A National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change
                Change and Health has been constituted.       (NAFCC) has been established with a budget
         (ii) The proposed ‘Waste-to-Energy Mission’          provision of Rs. I350 crore for the years 2015–
                will incentivize efforts towards harnessing   16 and 2016–17. It is meant to assist in meeting
                                                              the cost of national- and state-level adaptation
       10.    Based on various documents of the Government of
              India including the Economic Survey 2015–16 and measures in areas that are particularly vulnerable
              Economic Survey 2016-17.                        to the adverse effects of climate change.