16.10 ndian onom
export policies are not used as a disguised (x) A group of 53 WTO members, including
form of subsidies. These disciplines both developed and developing countries,
include— agreed on the timetable for implementing
(a) terms to limit the benefits of financing a deal to eliminate tariffs on 201
support to agriculture exporters; Information Technology products. This
duty-free market will be available to all
(b) rules on state enterprises engaging in
WTO members (even to India, which
agriculture trade; and
was not party to the agreement).
(c) disciplines to ensure that food aid
(xi) As regards the introduction of other new
does not negatively affect domestic
issues for discussion, the Declaration
acknowledges the differences in views
(vi) One of the Decisions adopted extends and states that any decision to launch
the relevant provision to prevent ‘ever- negotiations multilaterally on such issues
greening’ of patents in the pharmaceuticals would need to be agreed by all Members.
sector. This decision would help in The rich (developed) countries wanted
maintaining an affordable and accessible the introduction of new issues of their
supply of generic medicines. interests which included—global value
(vii) India supported outcomes on issues of chain, e-commerce, competition laws,
interest to LDCs including enhanced labour, environment and investments.
preferential rules of origin for LDCs and
preferential treatment for LDC services BuenoS aIreS ConFerenCe and
providers. India already offers duty-free, IndIa
quota-free access scheme to all LDCs,
which provides a comprehensive coverage The 11th Ministerial Conference (MC11) of
with simple, transparent and liberal rules World Trade Organisation (WTO) which took
of origin. India has also recently (late place in Buenos Aires, Argentina (10-13 December,
2015) made available substantial and 2017) ended without a Ministerial Declaration or
commercially meaningful preferences in any substantive outcome, though the unanimous
services to LDCs. view was that it was extremely well-conducted
with complete openness and transparency and the
(viii) The issue of fisheries subsidies could not
process afforded everyone ample opportunity to
be resolved due to lack of consensus.
express their views. Major developments (as per
Including India, several other countries
the Economic Survey 2017-18) at the conference
(China, Egypt, South Africa, Korea were as given below:
and Saudi Arabia, etc) were opposed to
In the run-up to MC11, decisions were
disciplining rules on fisheries subsidies
expected on a permanent solution on
due to the lack of clarity.
food security and other agriculture issues.
(ix) On the issue of Anti-dumping, India Unfortunately, the strong position of
strongly opposed a proposal that would one of the member (the USA) against
give greater power to the WTO’s Anti- agricultural reforms based on current
Dumping Committee to review Members’ WTO mandates and rules, led to a
practices. Due to lack of convergence, no deadlock without any outcome on
outcome was achieved.