9.34         ndian   onom
               adequate water supply;                        land pooling/ land reconstitution) with provision
               assured electricity supply;                   for affordable housing, especially for the poor.
               sanitation, including solid waste             Greenfield development is required around cities
               management;                                   in order to address the needs of the expanding
               efficient urban mobility and public
               transport;                                    Finance: The Mission will cover 100 cities which
               affordable housing, especially for the        have been distributed among the states and UTs
               poor;                                         on the basis of equitable criteria. The distribution
                                                             of smart cities will be reviewed after two years of
               robust IT connectivity and digitalization;
                                                             the implementation of the mission.
               good governance, especially e-Governance
                                                                  The Smart City Mission will be operated as a
               and citizen participation;
                                                             Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and the central
               sustainable environment;                      government proposes to give it financial support
               safety and security of citizens, particularly to the extent of Rs. 48,000 crore over five years,
               women, children and the elderly; and          i.e. on an average Rs. 100 crore per city per year.
               health and education.                         An equal amount, on a matching basis, will have
     Strategy: The strategic components of area-based        to be contributed by the state/ULB; therefore,
     development in the mission are:                         nearly one lakh crore of government/ULB funds
                                                             will be available for smart cities development. In
               city improvement (retrofitting);
                                                             the first phase of implementation, twenty cities
               city renewal (redevelopment);                 have been shortlisted to roll out the programme.
               city extension (greenfield development);           The migration from the rural areas to the
               and                                           cities is increasing with a higher pace. A neo
               a pan-city initiative in which smart          middle class is emerging which has aspirations of
               solutions are applied.                        better living standards. With all these challenges
          Retrofitting will introduce planning in an         to the successful implementation of the mission,
     existing built-up area to achieve smart city            the centre of attention is the citizen. In other
     objectives, along with other objectives, to make        words, a smart city will work towards ensuring
     the existing area more efficient and liveable. In       the best for all people, regardless of social status,
     retrofitting, an area consisting of more than 500       age, income levels and gender, only when citizens
     acres will be identified by the city in consultation    will actively participate in governance and reforms.
     with citizens. Redevelopment will effect a              Smart Cities Mission requires involvement of
     replacement of the existing built-up environment        smart people in the process of making decisions
     and enable co-creation of a new layout with             on deploying smart solutions, implementing
     enhanced infrastructure using mixed land use and        reforms, doing more with less, maintaining
     increased density. Redevelopment envisages an           oversight during implementation and designing
     area of more than 50 acres, identified by urban         post-project structures in order to make the smart
     local bodies (ULBs) in consultation with citizens.      city developments sustainable.
          Greenfield development will introduce most         Other Urban Infrastructure: With increasing
     of the smart solutions in a previously vacant area      urbanization, opportunities as well as challenges
     (more than 250 acres) using innovative planning,        related to urban infrastructure are also increasing.
     plan financing and plan implementation tools (e.g.      In this context, up to early 2016, the government