9.30        ndian    onom
     is not counted in de jure borrowing. However,            (iii) To encourage and support domestic
     credit rating agencies and multilateral agencies are           manufacturing of LED bulbs, making
     conscious of this de facto debt in their appraisals.           it consistent with the ‘Make in India’
     The 14th Finance Commission also had similar                   policy.
     observations. Similarly, the new scheme, DDUGY             Besides, the government also approved the
     (Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana),             establishment of a National Smart Grid Mission
     was launched to promote rural electrification.       (NSGM) in the power sector to plan and monitor
     The budgetary support for continuation of the        implementation of policies and programmes
     RGGVY (Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran)            related to smart grid activities in India.
     in 12th and 13th Plans, has also been carried
                                                          AT&C Losses: Due to lack of adequate investment
     forward to the new scheme.
                                                          on ‘transmission and distribution’ (T&D) works,
          UDAY accelerates the process of reform          the T&D losses have been consistently on the
     across the entire power sector and will ensure       higher side, and reached to the level of 32.86 Per
     that power is accessible, affordable and available   cent in the year 2000-01.The reduction of these
     for all. UDAY truly heralds the uday (rise), of a    losses was essential to bring economic viability to
     ‘Power’ful India.                                    the state utilities (SEBs). As the T&D loss was
          National LED Programme: The Government          not able to capture all the losses in the network,
     of India, in January 2015, launched the 100          concept of Aggregate Technical and Commercial
     cities National LED Programmes with the aim          (AT&C) loss was introduced. AT&C loss captures
     of promoting use of the most efficient lighting      technical as well as commercial losses in the
     technology at affordable rates. This programme       network and is a true indicator of total losses in
     has two components: (i) DELP (Domestic Efficient     the system.
     Lighting Programme) aims to replace incandescent
                                                                High technical losses in the system are
     bulbs (77 crore) with LED bulbs (by providing
                                                          primarily due to inadequate investments over
     LED bulbs to domestic consumers). (ii) SLNP
                                                          the years for system improvement works, which
     (Street Lighting National Programme) aims to
                                                          has resulted in unplanned extensions of the
     replace conventional streetlights (3.5 crore) with
                                                          distribution lines, overloading of the system
     smart and energy-efficient LED streetlights by
                                                          elements like transformers and conductors, and
     March 2019.
                                                          lack of adequate reactive power support.
          The programme is supposed to bring in
                                                                The commercial losses are mainly due to:
     multiple benefits to the economy:
                                                                (i) low metering efficiency
          (i) Demand reduction in electricity by
              around 21,500 MW with a monetary                 (ii) theft, and
              savings of Rs. 45,500 crore to domestic         (iii) pilferages
              consumers and urban local bodies.                 This may be eliminated by improving metering
         (ii) To help in mitigating climate change        efficiency, proper energy accounting & auditing
              by cutting CO2 emission by 85 million       and improved billing & collection efficiency.
              tonnes annually. India has committed        Fixing of accountability of the personnel/feeder
              to reduce its emission intensity per unit   managers may help considerably in reduction of
              GDP by 33-35 per cent below 2005 levels     AT&C loss.
              by 2030 (under its Intended Nationally            In December 2014, the GoI launched a
              Determined Contribution-INDC).              new programme – IPDS (Integrated Power