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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 227Book's First Page
ri lt re and ood ana ement 8.33 existing systems, has been the main part states. There is need and scope for increasing the of the strategy for increasing production coverage of irrigated area across the country to of foodgrains. increase productivity in agriculture. The total UIP With a view to ensuring early completion of (Ultimate Irrigation Potential) of India is about projects for providing irrigation benefits to the 140 million hectares (Mha). There is substantial farmers, Rural Infrastructure Development Fund gap between IPC (Irrigation Potential Created) (RIDF) has been in operation since 1995–96. The and IPU (Irrigation Potential Utilized). There government launched the Accelerated Irrigation is perceptible decline in the ratio of IPU to IPC Benefits Programme (AIBP) in 1996–97 to give mainly due to: loan assistance to the states to help them complete (i) lack of proper operation and maintenance, some of the incomplete major/medium irrigation (ii) incomplete distribution system, projects, which were in an advanced stage of (iii) non-completion of command area completion. development, There is need to expand the acreage under (iv) changes in cropping pattern, and irrigation along with adoption of appropriate (v) diversion of irrigated land for other technologies for efficient utilisation of water purposes. through suitable pricing to raise agricultural productivity in India. This could be done There is need to arrest the declining trend through– (i) Adoption of irrigation technologies in efficient utilization of irrigation potential and which improve efficiency in the use of water is also reverse it. A larger share of funds available imperative in a scenario where flood irrigation under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural has resulted in wastage of water. (ii) Focus on Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) efficient irrigation technologies is important with and other employment generating schemes need increasing water shortages owing to climate change to be deployed for promotion of irrigation—for and indiscriminate wastage of water in agriculture creation and maintenance of community assets, and other uses. de-silting and repair of tanks and other water bodies. Having ‘more crop per drop’ through efficient irrigAtion efficiency irrigation technologies should be the motto to improve productivity in agriculture which can Agricultural productivity can be boosted in a ensure food and water security in the future. big way by enhancing irrigation efficiency in the use of irrigation systems. Over the time, the irrigAtion PotentiAl & use conventional systems of irrigation have become non-viable in many parts of India®38 due to: As per the latest available data37 on irrigation, the all India percentage distribution of net irrigated (i) increasing shortages of water, area to total cropped area during 2012–13 was (ii) wastage of water through over irrigation, 33.9 per cent. There is regional disparity in and irrigated farming, with net irrigated area to total (iii) concerns of salination of soil. cropped area at more than 50 per cent in the Economically and technically efficient states of Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh, irrigation technologies like – drip and sprinkler while it is at less than 50 per cent in the remaining 38. NITI Aayog, Task Force on Agriculture, 2015, as quoted 37. Ministry of Finance, Economic Survey 2015–16, Ministry of Finance, Economic Survey 2015–16, Vol. 2, Vol. 2, P. 103. p. 104.