8.16 ndian onom
of climate change and environment development in the country, through
related constraints. corporate participation.
The Government of India proposes for (vi) Factoring in the issue of environment
the Second Green Revolution in 2002 and climate change in the domain of
with inclusion of the genetically modified agricultural policy framework.
foods (GMFs). (vii) Emphasising the need of farmers’
In wake of the above-cited factors, experts and awareness and education for the changing
the governments expect a major change coming in times. For this the PRIs involvement will
the cropping patterns of the country. Now, the issue be crucial.
is, how to face up the emerging challenges together (viii) Attending to issues like plant protection,
with making farm practices and cropping patterns checking farm wastage, pest management,
sustainable. Experts suggested the following steps commercial production and commercial
(by late 1990s), which were discussed and almost availability of green inputs.
accepted by the Planning Commission together (ix) Evolving the right kind of credit and
with the Ministry of Agriculture: insurance policies for the farm sector at
(i) Putting in place the right kind of the macro and micro levels.
agricultural policy with the provisions of
(x) Immediate inclusion of other factor in
prize and punishment, inclining farmers
the farm sector like, a national market
to go for the right kind of cropping
for agricultural products, upstream and
downstream requirements, proper supply
(ii) Evolving the right trade policy, which chain management, logistics, agro-
can protect Indian farm products from processing industries, storage, etc.
the negative affects of global competition
and enable Indian agriculture to expand AnImAl reArInG
(iii) Bringing in proper labour laws, and The economics of animal rearing plays a very vital
land leasing and acquisition policies to role in the country. The agriculture sector in India
encourage the entry of Indian and foreign is predominantly a mixed crop-livestock (animals,
private sector in agriculture. birds and fishes) farming system. Animal rearing
(iv) Keep pressurising the WTO so that has always remained an integral part of it. Animal
a neutral and judicious regime of rearing (which includes rearing of cows, camels,
agricultural provisions are evolved buffaloes, goats, pigs, ships, etc.), besides directly
by it accepting the realities of India’s contributing to the national income and socio-
subsistence farming and issues related economic development, plays the following vital
with the high agriculture subsidies, which functions in the country:
developed countries forward to their farm (i) Supplements family income and generates
sector. gainful employment in the rural sector;
(v) Evolving the right environmental policy (ii) Particularly helps the landless labourers,
framework for the initiation of GMFs small and marginal farmers and women
in the farm sector and promotion to (economic empowerment of women);
the non-GMF related research and (iii) Provides cheap nutritional food;