8.10 ndian onom
(b) It will prevent mass landlessness and country, the process does not seem happening,
unemployment among the farmers; politically).
(c) Farmers will get a permanent source
of income (in the meantime, they Agriculture holDings
might be imparted skills and provide The average size of land holding in India is
better employment in industries); continuously decreasing due to rapid and high
and population growth. The continuous division
(d) It will make land easily available for and fragmentation of holdings has increased the
use of public and private purposes. number of holdings, obviously of smaller size. As
Meanwhile, the Model Land Leasing Law per the latest (9th) Agriculture Census 2010–11:
proposed by the NITI Aayog in 2016 is giving (i) The total number of operational holdings
encouraging results in the states. in the country has increased from
(iv) In the wake of the process of globalisation, 129 million in 2005–06 to 138 million
if the country intends to bring in benefits 2010–11 (an increase of 6.61 per cent).
to agriculture sector it needs to enhance (ii) There is a marginal increase in the
its agriculture production to surplus operated area from 158.32 million
levels—and for this India needs to hectare (ha) in 2005–06 to 159.18
garner in the investment potential of the million ha in 2010-11 (an increase of
private sector. This cannot happen till the 0.54 per cent). The operated area has
country is able to bring out effective land primarily increased because the State of
leasing and acquisition policies. Jharkhand participated for the first time
(v) The recent emphasis on the promotion in the Agriculture Census 2010–11 (since
of the ‘manufacturing sector’ and ‘smart the state came into being in the year
cities’ are hugely dependent on smoother 2000).
and speedier process of land acquisition. (iii) The average size of operational holding
Without expanding the industrial sector has declined to 1.16 ha in 2010–11 as
to its optimum levels, the agriculture compared to 1.23 in 2005–06.
sector can emerge a remunerative (iv) The percentage share of female operational
profession—the country needs to migrate holders has increased from 11.70 in
the extra labour force of the agriculture 2005–06 to 12.79 in 2010–11, with the
sector to industry, smoothly. corresponding operated area of 9.33 and
(vi) The issue of land acquisition is to establish 10.36.
a logical equation with ‘environmental (v) The small and marginal holdings taken
issue’, in order to make the process of together (below 2.00 ha) constitute 84.97
development sustainable (NITI Aayog per cent in 2010–11, as against 83.29
gives a right call for it). in 2005–06, with a share of 44.31 per
It should be noted that while the Government cent in the operated area in the current
of India has changed its orientation towards the Census, as against the corresponding
issue of land reforms, the states in India are still figure of 41.14 per cent in 2005–06.
trying to accelerate and continue the process of (vi) The large holdings (10.00 ha & above)
land reforms of PHASE I (but due to enough were 0.73 per cent of the total number
resistance from the land-owning section in the of holdings in 2010–11 with a share of