5.60        ndian    onom
          This way, the idea of the NITI Aayog             1. Size of the government: Number of the
     looks not only ‘innovative’ in its approach but          government departments is to be cut
     contemporary, too—imaginatively forging into             down to maximum 20 to enhance
     the emerging idea and need of ‘happiness’ (as being      administrative efficiency and effectiveness.
     sponsored by the UNO in the World Happiness              Though the sizes of the governments are
     Report). It gives a call for inclusion of ethos and      mandated to be maximum 15 per cent
     cultural elements of India in the development            of the total members in the Lok Sabha
     model, delicatedly linking the issue of growth           or State Assemblies (91st Constitution
     and development to the ‘behavioural’ dimensions          Amendment Act, 2003), presently,
     of the people of India (rightly in sync with the         several state governments have larger
     recent proposition of the World Bank in its World        numbers of ministries and departments.
     Development Report 2015). We find several such        2. Rationalising schemes: The number of
     shining ‘stars’ in the newly set up body, which will
                                                              states’ schemes and those which are
     be surely analysed and discussed again and again
                                                              centrally funded are to be rationalised
     by analysts, experts, scholars. At the end, we can
                                                              aimed at giving states more revenues
     wisely conclude that the erstwhile PC was aimed
                                                              (after the recommendations of the
     at serving some purposes which was suitable for
                                                              14th Finance Commission have been
     the old time, while the current times require us
                                                              implemented) helps them formulate their
     to carry on the legacy to a new level where we
                                                              Budgets in a better way.
     can build India, which can combine and integrate
     the energy and potential of all who belong to         3. Monitoring development: Under it,
     the nation being all open to the world (agreeing         states’ development is to be monitored
     categorically to the idea of globalisation).             by collecting data on a set of indicators
                                                              such as education, health, roads, water,
        rEcEnt dEVELopMEntS                                   electricity, mobile penetration—the
                                                              data will be used to monitor each state
     niyAtAm                                                  individually and not for inter-state
                                                              comparisons.
     The NITI is supposed to work on a ‘shared
                                                           4. District planning: The Aayog also
     national agenda’ which has co-operative federalism
                                                              proposes to work on district planning
     as its backbone. It requires streamlining and
     synchronising of the administrative, developmental       by examining the baseline indicators,
     and legal structure of the state governments so          strengths and weaknesses of each district
     that the national developmental agenda can be            aimed at figuring out the needed actions to
     promoted. Things at the state level have not been        promote public and private participation.
     upto the mark (as the 10th Plan highlighted in        5. Result Framework Document: Establishing
     2002 about the poor quality of ‘governance’              a result framework document at block
     at the state level). In this regard, the Niyatam         level to serve two main purposes—
     (NITI Initiative to Yield Aspirational Targets           firstly, moving the focus from process-
     and Actionable Means) is being considered as an          orientation to result-orientation, and
     effective initiative. By late 2015-16, Niti initiated    secondly, providing an objective and fair
     the Niyatam under which it plans to engage with          basis to evaluate overall performance at
     the states on six issues:                                the end of the year.