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5.50 ndian onom institutes and researchers, selected on Committee of Secretaries set up for the purpose competitive basis. has decided to strengthen the PEO, leaving the (iv) IEO will provide guidance to any agency option of either absorbing the IEO under the or department of the government to PEO or shutting down the institution. improve the quality of it’s self evaluation and monitoring system. Such support is proGrAMME EVALuAtIon intended to bring all evaluations under orGAnISAtIon a common internationally accepted methodology, help achieve better The Programme Evaluation Organisation (PEO) development outcomes and encourage a was established in October 1952, as an independent culture of learning in the government. organisation, under the general guidance and direction of the Planning Commission (PC) (v) Besides making available on it’s website with a specific task of evaluating the community and other public avenues, its reports will development programmes and other Intensive be submitted to the Parliament and the Area Development Schemes. The evaluation set Prime Minister’s Office. up was further strengthened by the development (vi) It will also make internationally of methods and techniques of evaluation in the available findings from independently 1st Plan and setting up of evaluation machineries and professionally evaluated Indian in the States during the 3rd (1961–66) and 4th programmes in the spirit of South-South (1969–74) Plans. Gradually, with the extension learning and cooperation. of the programmes/schemes in a variety of sectors, (vii) IEO will represent India as it’s viz., agricultural cooperation, rural industries, independent evaluation authority at fisheries, health, family welfare, rural development, international forums on development rural electrification, public distribution, tribal and effectiveness and will endeavour to development, social forestry, etc., the evaluation improve India’s evaluation systems in line work undertaken by the PEO was extended to with international best practices. other important CSSs. The evaluations in areas such as the public The broad functions of the PEO include distribution system and health issues were among undertaking evaluation of selected programmes/ the first to be undertaken by the IEO with schemes under implementation, as per the MGNREGA and JNNURM were to follow later. requirement of the various Divisions of the Meanwhile, early September 2014, the DG PC, Central Ministries and Departments of the of the IEO was relieved from his services by the Government of India. The evaluation studies are government, leaving the institution in a state of designed to assess – limbo (with little clarity, as on date, over its future (i) the performance, role). The debate on the IEO has been going on (ii) the process of implementation, in the PMO questioning the creation of the new (iii) the effectiveness of the delivery systems, institution in the light of a similar body called the and Programme Evaluation Organisation (PEO), which already exists in the Planning Commission. The (iv) the impact of programmes.