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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 134Book's First Page
5.48 ndian onom csss restructureD rationalised and restructured into 30 schemes. This will avoid overlapping of expenditure, For the 12th Plan period (2012–17) the existing provide visibility and impact. The major features 137 CSSs were restructured into 66 schemes, of the restructuring are as given below: including the 17 flagship programmes. The government had set up an expert Committee The CSSs have been divided into — (Chaired by B. K. Chaturvedi, member of the Core and Optional schemes. erstwhile Planning Commission) for the purpose The new expenditure sharing pattern which submitted its report by late-2011. for the Core Schemes is—for 8 North The 14th FC recommended that sector-specific Eastern (NE) states and 3 Himalayan states 90:10; for other States 60:40 transfers from the Union to the states/UTs should (Centre:States) and for UTs 100 per be confined to sectors like education, health, cent to be borne by the Centre. drinking water and sanitation. However, in view of the preponderance of CSSs being interventions For Optional Schemes the expenditure in key sectors of national importance, the Gol sharing pattern is—for 8 NE and 3 kept 50 of the 66 ongoing CSSs in the Union Himalayan states 80:20; for other states 50:50 (Centre:States) and for Budget 2015-16. The balance were in the process the UTs 100 per cent to be borne by of being either taken into the Central Sector, or the Centre. reformulated as new Umbrella Schemes or were transferred to the states. The CSSs funds are Amongst the Core Schemes, those for released as central assistance to state plans which social protection and social inclusion are routed through the states’ budgets (new method should form the Core of the Core as per the Union Budget 2014–15). This provides and be the first charge on available funds for the National, Development greater autonomy, authority and responsibility to Agenda. the states in implementation of the schemes. Funds for Optional Schemes would In March 2015, to rationalise the CSSs, be allocated to the states by the a Sub-Group of Chief Ministers was set up in Ministry of Finance as a lump sum, pursuance of the decision taken by the Governing and states would be free to choose Council of the NITI Aayog. The guiding principles which Optional Schemes they wish of the sub-group was defined as—the Union and to implement. In such schemes, the states/UTs to work as Team India in the spirit states have been given the flexibility of ‘Cooperative Federalism’ towards realisation of portability of funds to any other of the goals of VISION 2022 when India will CSSs. celebrate the 75th year of Independence. The Henceforth, the CSSs will come up broad objectives of the VISION are: only in key identified sectors which (i) Providing basic amenities to all comprise the National Development citizens in an equitable and just Agenda (to be decided by the NITI manner for ensuring a life with self- Aayog, in co-ordination with its respect and dignity, and Governing Council). (ii) Providing appropriate opportunities NITI Aayog to have concurrent to every citizen to realize her potential. jurisdiction in monitoring of the Accordingly, as per the Union Budget schemes in the states and Central 2016–17, the existing 50 CSSs have been ministries.