5.40         ndian    onom
               Drinking water (National Rural Drinking         This way, we can see a initiative fool proof
               Water Programme, etc.);                    policy towards inclusive growth getting evolved
               Education (Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan,          by the GoI which is sustainable, too. The Planning
               Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan,       Commission (11th Plan) says that inclusive
               Model School Scheme, etc.).                growth can only be ensured if there is a degree
          The short-term policy has two drawbacks-        of empowerment that creates a true feeling of
     Firstly, the schemes in it are subsidy-based, which  participation so necessary in a democratic polity.
                                                          Empowerment of disadvantaged and hitherto
     incurr heavy drain on the national exchequer (it
                                                          marginalised groups is therefore an essential
     means it will not be fiscally sustainable in the
                                                          part of any vision of inclusive growth. India’s
     long run). Secondly, the schemes fail to make the
                                                          democratic polity, with the establishment of the
     target population self-dependent. This is why the
                                                          third layer of democracy at the PRIs level, provides
     government has also evolved a long-term policy in
                                                          opportunities for empowerment and participation
     this regard.
                                                          of all groups with reservations for SCs, STs and
     long-term Policy                                     women. These institutions should be made more
                                                          effective through greater delegation of power and
     This policy is aimed at bringing in self-dependence  responsibility.
     in the target population. This policy contains in
                                                               The strategy for inclusive growth in the 11th
     itself the sustainability element, too. The attempts
                                                          and 12th Plans is not just a conventional strategy
     by the governments may be classified as given
                                                          for growth to which some elements aimed at
     below:
                                                          inclusion have been added. On the contrary, it is
               All the schemes which aim at poverty       a strategy which aims at achieving a particular type
               alleviation and employment generation;     of growth process, which will meet the objectives
               All the programmes which promote           of inclusiveness and sustainability. A key feature
               education at any level;                    of the inclusive growth strategy is that growth of
               Vocationalisation of education (one such   “GDP should not be treated as an end in itself, but
               old idea has been the Industrial Training  only as a means to an end”. This is best done by
               Institutes); and                           adopting monitorable targets, which would reflect
               Skill Development (a recent idea).         the multi-dimensional economic and social
                                                          objectives of inclusive growth. Furthermore, to
          In recent time, we see increased emphasis
                                                          ensure efficient and timely implementation of the
     on imparting right ‘skill’ among the population.
                                                          accompanying projects and programmes, these
     Towards this, the government decided in 2008–09
                                                          targets need to be disaggregated at the level of the
     to launch a skill development programme in the
                                                          states which implement many of the programmes.
     country through the National Skill Development
     Corporation (a joint venture not-for-profit
                                                             rESourcE MoBILISAtIon
     company under the Ministry of Finance. There is
     an overall target of skilling/upskilling 500 million Resource mobilisation is a broad term which
     people in India by 2022, mainly by fostering         includes raising and directing the resources
     private sector initiatives in skill development      (physical and human) of the economy to realise
     programmes and provide funding. The new              the desired socio-economic objectives. It involves
     government at Centre has also given the same call    all the economic policies activated by the
     in the ‘Skill India’.                                governments—we can percieve it to be the very