5.24          ndian      onom
     Basic Minimum Services (BMS) with additional              points out a change in the planning policy mindset
     Central Assistance for these services with a view to      of the government, major ones being:84
     obtaining complete coverage of the population in                (i) Doubling per capita income in 10 years;
     a time-bound manner. The BMS82 included:
                                                                    (ii) Accepting that the higher growth rates
           (i) Safe drinking water;                                        are not the only objective—it should be
          (ii) Primary health service;                                     translated into improving the quality of
         (iii) Universalisation of primary education;                      life of the people;
         (iv) Public housing assistance to the shelter-            (iii) For the first time the Plan went to set
                less poor families;                                        the ‘monitorable tragets’ for eleven select
          (v) Nutritional support to children;                             indicators of development for the Centre
         (vi) Connectivity of all villages and                             as well as for the states;
                habitations; and                                   (iv) ‘Governance’ was considered a factor of
        (vii) Streamlining of the public distribution                      development;
                system.                                             (v) States’ role in planning to be increased
           The issue of fiscal consolidation became a                      with the greater involvement of the PRIs;
     top priority of the governments for the first time,           (vi) Policy and institutional reforms in each
     which had its focus on the following83 related                        sector, i.e., reforms in the PSUs, legal
     issues:                                                               reforms, administrative reforms, labour
           (i) Sharp reduction in the revenue deficit of                   reforms, etc;
                the government, including centre, states
                                                                  (vii) Agriculture sector declared as the prime
                and the PSUs through a combination of
                                                                           moving force (PMF) of the economy;
                improved revenue collections and control
                of in-essential expenditures;                    (viii) Increased emphasis on the social sector
                                                                           (i.e., education, health, etc.);
          (ii) Cutting down subsidies, collection of
                user charges on economic services (i.e.,           (ix) Relevance between the processes
                electricity, transportation, etc.), cutting                of economic reforms and planning
                down interest, wages, pension, PF, etc;                    emphasised; etc.
         (iii) Decentralisation of planning and                      The Mid-term Appraisal of the Plan was
                implementation through greater reliance        approved by the NDC in June 2005. The
                on states and the PRIs.                        assessment gives a mixed picture regarding its
                                                               performance. As per the appraisal, the country
     Tenth Plan                                                performed well in many areas and these gains
     The Plan (2002–07) commenced with the                     needed to be consolidated, but there were some
     objectives of greater participation of the NDC in         important weaknesses also, which, if not corrected,
     their formulation. Some highly important steps            can undermine even the current performance
     were taken during the plan, which undoubtedly             level.85
       82.    Publications Division, India 2007, pp. 682–83.     84.    Planning Commission, Tenth Five year Plan (2002–07),
       83.    Ministry of Finance, Economic Survey (1998–200)           (New Delhi: Government of India).
              (New Delhi: Government of India, Various Years);   85.    Planning Commission, Mid-Term Appraisal of the Tenth
              Publications Division, India 2007, p. 683.                Plan (New Delhi: Government of India).