lannin in ndia 5.17
(i) The Central Plans were to be launched Governments and the Central Government for
in the states and the UTs with the all the tasks of national development”. In the
participation of the state-level personnel. words of Nehru, setting up of the NDC may be
The Planning Commission was not regarded as one of the most significant steps taken
provided with its own implementation for promoting understanding and consultation
staff (though the PC was given the between the Union and the State Governments
responsibility of plan implementation) on planning and common economic policies.
for this purpose. Therefore, the consent Considering the recommendations of the
and co-operation of these federal units ‘Administrative Reforms Commission’, the NDC
was a must. was reconstituted and its functions redefined
(ii) Economic planning as a concept had by a Cabinet Resolution on October 7, 1967.
its origin in the centralised system (i.e., The reconstituted NDC comprises the Prime
Soviet Union). For India, to democratise/ Minister, all Union Cabinet Ministers, Chief
decentralise the very process of planning Ministers of all States and Union Territories and
was not a lesser task/challenge than the Members of the Planning Commission. Delhi
promoting development itself. Indian Administration is represented in the Council
planning is rightly said to be a process by the Lt. Governor and the Chief Executive
of trial and error in striking a balance Councillor, and the remaining Union Territories
between liberty and progress, central by their respective Administrators. Other Union
control and private initiative and national Ministers and State Ministers may also be invited
planning with local authority.61 to participate in the deliberations of the council.
The setting up of the NDC can be In the reconstituted Council, the Secretary of the
considered as a step towards decentralised Planning Commission acts as Secretary to the
planning. NDC and the Planning Commission is expected
(iii) In the constitutional design of the federal to furnish such administrative or other assistance
rigidities it was necessary to provide the for the work of the Council as may be needed.
whole planning process a unified outlook. The basic nature, origin and legal status of the
The NDC serves the purpose of diluting Council are similar to the Planning Commission.
the autonomous and rigid federal units of The revised functions63 of the NDC are:
the Union of India.62 (i) to consider the proposals formulated for
The NDC initially comprised the Prime Plans at all important stages and accept
Minister of India (de facto Chairman), the Chief them;
Ministers of all States and the Members of the (ii) to review the working of the Plans from
Planning Commission. In the first meeting of the time to time;
NDC held on November 8–9, 1952, Jawaharlal (iii) to consider the important questions of
Nehru stated that NDC is “essentially a forum social and economic policy affecting
for intimate cooperation between the State national development; and
61. Publications Divisions, The Gazetteer of India, p. 10.
(iv) to recommend measures for the
62. The Advisory Planning Board (1946) set up by the Interim achievement of the aims and targets set out
Government had suggested for such a consultative body
with the representatives from the provinces, the princely 63. Other than the Cabinet Resolution, it is also quoted
states and some other interests to advise the Planning is The Gazetteer of India (Publications Divsion, The
Commission for the success of planning in India. Gazetteer of India, p. 15).