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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 98Book's First Page
5.12 ndian onom the objectives, we may confidently conclude that level, there was a need for a permanent expert all the aspirations of the Preamble,38 the Directive body which could take over the responsibility of Principles of the State Policy,39 the Fundamental the whole gamut of planning, i.e., plan formation, Duties and the Fundamental Rights have got resource aspects, implementation and review—as their due place and weightage. All the aspirations planning is a technical42 matter. Thus, in March of the nationalists and the freedom fighters look 195043 the Planning Commission (PC) was set resonating in the very soul of the Indian planning up by the government by a Cabinet Resolution system. (without resorting to legislation). Important The above-given objectives of planning got details regarding the composition, legal status, abolished with the Planning Commission. Under etc., of the PC were as under: the new body—NITI Aayog—a holistic and (i) An extra-constitutional (i.e., non- federal objectives of planning have been set by the constitutional) and non-statutory body GoI (they have been discussed under the sub-title, (though planning originates from the NITI Aayog at the end of this Chapter). Constitution there is no reference to the PC in it). pLAnnInG coMMISSIon (ii) An advisory body to the Government of Once the National Planning Committee published India on an array of issues of economic its Report (1949), there was a firm inclusion of development. the need for ‘Economic and Social Planning’40 in (iii) A ‘think tank’ on economic development the Constitution, the stage was set for the formal with the Prime Minister as its ex-officio launching of planning in the country. Though the Chairman and with the provision or a economy was run on the principles of planning Deputy Chairman.44 The main function very much after the Independence itself41 it was of the Deputy Chairman was to co- in a piecemeal manner only. For formal planning ordinate the work of the Commission.45 to begin, for the whole economy at the national (iv) Had an open provision for the number 38. The Preamble was declared by the Supreme Court of its membership (as many area experts as an integral part of the Constitution and any are required by the particular proposed amendments amounting to a change in its meaning and spirit amounted to the violation of the ‘basic feature’ period of planning) other than six of the Constitution (Keshvanand Barti, 1973 and S.R. Union Cabinet Ministers as its ex-officio Bommai, 1994 cases). This further magnified the members46 and a Member Secretary. The objectives and role of Planning in India. 39. As the different Articles of the Directive Principles 42. Alan W. evans, ‘Economic and Planning’, in Jean got interpreted as being complementary parts of Forbes (ed.), Studies in Social Science and Planning the Fundamental Rights, their enforcement became (Edinburgh: Scottish Academy Press, 972), p. 121. obligatory for the Government in coming times, still 43. I. Publications Division, The Gazetter of India, p. 10. broadening the objectives of planning in the country. II. S.R. Maheshwari (Indian Administration New 40. Distribution of Legislative Power, List-III, Entry 20. Delhi: Orient Longman, 2002, p. 121). 41. hough formal planning commenced in the fiscal III. (‘The Indian Economy Since Independence’, p. 949). 52, planning has already commenced with the Industrial 44. The post of Deputy Chairman was later given a Cabinet Policy Resolution, 1948. More so, the Prime Minister rank in the Union Council of Minister. of ndia who headed the C had already ta en firm decision that India would be a planned economy by 45. Publications Division, Gazetteer of India, p. 11. August 1937 (Congress Working Committee, Wardha). 46. Publications Division, India 2008 (New Delhi: Ministry hus, the economy ta es its first win in the planned of Information and Broadcasting, Govrnment of India, era! 2009), p. 676.