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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 96Book's First Page
5.10 ndian onom unemployment and providing a material While the Ninth Plan (1997–2002) base for a self-reliant economy.” was being launched, it was announced (vi) It will be highly needful to enquire about that “The goals of planning in India, the objectives of planning in the era of the which were set by Panditji have not economic reforms initiated in the fiscal changed. The Ninth Plan does not 1991–92 as this new economic policy attempt to reinvent the wheel. At the (NEP) made the experts and economists same time, the goals and targets this to conclude many questionable things Plan attempts to achieve are based on about the objectives of planning in the the lessons of experience including country: the Eighth Plan. They address today’s problems and challenges and try to (a) The need to shift dependence from prepare the nation for tomorrow as wage to self-employment. well.”34 (b) The state is rolling back and the Finally, a broad consensus looks evolving economy is becoming pro-private and through the process of planning and crystallising sector-wise the social purpose of the on the six major objectives of planning35 in India planning will be lacking. which are as follows: (c) The objectives of planning nearly (i) Economic Growth: Sustained increase in outlined hitherto have been blurred. the levels of production in the economy (d) The promotion of foreign investment is among the foremost objectives of will induce the economy into the planning in India, which continues till perils of neo-imperialism, etc. date and will be so in future, without any But all the above-given doubts were iota of doubt in it. cleared by the forthcoming plans in (ii) Poverty Alleviation: Poverty alleviation straightforward words. We may quote was the most important issue which from the following plans: polarised the members of the NPC as “For the future economic well as the Constituent Assembly that a development, the economy will highly emphatic decision in favour of a be more dependent upon private planned economy evolved even before participation and the nature of Independence. Several programmes planning will become more indicative have been launched in India directing with the major objectives of planning the cause of poverty alleviation by remaining the same”. This was all the governments till date and the announced by the government while process continues even today with more launching the economic reforms seriousness (we see the National Rural (July 23, 1991) and commencing the Employment Guarantee Programme— Eighth Five Year Plan (1992–97). 34. Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, May 1999. “There was no change in the basic It is interesting to note here that the composition of the objectives of planning even though polity in the Centre was dominated by the BJP, while there was change in instruments of the Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission was K.C. Pant (an old congress man)—continuity in the basic policy”—this was announced by the ideas and objectives of planning being maintained. government while announcing the 35. Publications Division, India (New Delhi: Government of new economic policy (1991). India, various years).