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Kerala PSC Indian Economy Book Study Materials Page 85Book's First Page
onomi lannin 4.9 will not be of the desired level among the target (ii) reducing social prejudices against girls, population. Establishing an empathic relationship (iii) educating people about the health between the programmes/schemes and target externalities of open defecation, and population is now considered an important aspect (v) encouraging citizens to keep public spaces of planning and policymaking. Such a change in clean. the thinking is based on the experiences of India Today, governments all over the world have and other countries of the world. embarked on systematic ways of studying how In January 2015, the Government of India to promote behavioural change. The importance replaced the erstwhile body, Planning Commission, and need of behavioural change were highlighted by the NYTl Aayog (a policy think tank). If we by the World Development Report 2015 (World look into the functions and guiding principles of Bank), too. All such policy interventions are the new body we come to know that India has examples of normative policymaking. officially moved towards normative planning— Economic planning is classified into more the new body has to follow a development model types—sectoral and spatial. In sectoral planning, which is ‘all round, all pervasive, all inclusive and the planners emphasise the specific sector of the holistic’. In this process the NITI Aayog has been economy, i.e., agriculture, industry or the services. further asked to enable the country to draw on In spatial planning development is seen in the the vitality and energy of the bedrock of our ethos, spatial framework. The spatial dimensions of culture and sustenance. development might be defined by the pressure and The Economic Survey 2015–16 points out requirements of national economic development. how the government has come to recognise the Indian planning has been essentially single level with importance of influencing social norms in a wide a greater reliance on the sectoral approach though variety of sectors, such as: the multi-level regional and normative dimensions (i) persuading the rich to give up subsidies are being increasingly emphasised since the early they do not need, 1990s.