xvi        ndian       onom
        The FICCI Proposal                           5.2    Short-term Policy                         5.39
        The Congress Plan                            5.3    long-term Policy                          5.40
        The Bombay Plan                              5.5    resource Mobilisation                     5.40
        The Gandhian Plan                            5.6
                                                            Investment Models                         5.42
        The people’s Plan                            5.6
                                                            Phase-I (1951—69)                         5.42
        The Sarvodaya Plan                           5.6
                                                            Phase-II (1970—73)                        5.43
        Some Area-wise Reports                       5.7
                                                            Phase-III (1974–90)                       5.43
        Major Objectives of Planning                 5.8    Phase-IV (1991 onward)                    5.44
        Planning Commission                         5.12    Central Sector Schemes and Centrally      5.46
        Functions of the PC                         5.13    Sponsored Schemes
        An Epitaph to The PC                        5.15    Central Plan Assistance                   5.47
        National Development Council                5.16    CSSs Restructured                         5.48
        Central Planning                            5.18    Independent Evaluation Office             5.49
        A. The Five-Year Plans                      5.19    Programme Evaluation Organisation         5.50
        B. Twenty-Point Programme                   5.28    Organisational Structure                  5.51
        C. MPlADS                                   5.29    Evaluation as Plan Scheme                 5.51
        Multi-Level Planning                        5.30    NItI AAYOG                                5.51
        First Strata: Centre-level Planning         5.30    Transforming India                        5.52
        Second Strata: State-level Planning         5.30    Changing Contours of India                5.52
        Third Strata: District-level Planning       5.30    Change must come                          5.54
        Fourth Strata: Block-level Planning         5.30    Functions of NITI Aayog                   5.55
        Fifth Strata: local level Planning          5.30    The Guiding Principle                     5.57
        Way to Decentralised Planning               5.31    Structure of the NITI                     5.58
                                                            Specialised Wings in the NITI Aayog       5.59
        the Planning Commission & the finance       5.33
        Commission                                          Vehicle of Good Governance                5.59
        A Critical Evaluation                       5.35    recent Developments                       5.60
        1. lack of ‘Perspective’ in Planning        5.35    Niyatam                                   5.60
        2. Failure in Promoting a Balanced          5.35    Action Agenda of Niti                     5.61
           Growth and Development
        3. Highly Centralised Nature of Planning    5.36 6. ECONOMIC rEfOrMS                      6.1–6.14
        4. lop-sided Employment Strategy            5.37    Introduction                               6.2
        5. Excessive Emphasis on PSUs               5.37    Economic reforms                           6.2
        6. Agriculture Overshadowed by the Industry 5.37    1. Planning Model                          6.2
        7. Faulty Industrial location Policy        5.38    2. Washington Consensus                    6.2
        8. Wrong Financial Strategy                 5.38    3. Mixed Economy                           6.3
        9. Politicisation of the Planning Process   5.38
                                                            Economic reforms in India                  6.4
        Inclusive Growth                            5.39    Obligatory Reform                          6.5