organs and Function organs with Function
Numbers number (s)
Pass urine and deposit To produce ova and
Penis (2) sperm in female genital hormones.
tract. To move the ovum
Conduct urine and towards uterus.
sperms. Uterus To provide space for
Produce sperm and (womb) (1) developing child
testosterone Vagina (1) To receive the sperms.
Conduct the sperm from
Sperm duct (2)
the testes to urethra
Seminal vesicles Menstrual cycle
Secrete seminal plasma
Temporarily store sperm The menstrual cycle is the preparation of a
and provides mobility
Secrete an alkaline fluid woman"s body for a possible pregnancy.
Prostate gland to neutralise the acidity It starts during puberty (10-14 years) and
(2) of urethra and make the stops permanently at menopause (40-50
sperm more active.
Cowper"s gland Secrete an alkaline white
(2) lubricating fluid. It is also known as “monthly bleeding,” a
“period,” and menses.
Each month, one of the ovaries releases an
Female Reproductive System egg - a process called ovulation.
About 13 mature eggs are released from
two ovaries of female in a year.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH),
Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Estrogen and
Progesterone hormones are involved in the
On an average menstrual cycle is
completed in 28 days.
The entire duration of a Menstrual cycle
can be divided into four main phases:
1. Menstrual phase (From day 1 to 5)
2. Follicular phase (From day 1 to 13)
It contains two main parts: the uterus, 3. Ovulation phase (Day 14)
which hosts the developing fetus, 4. Luteal phase (From day 15 to 28)
produces vaginal and uterine secretions,
and can pass sperm through to the Birth Control Methods or Contraception
Fallopian tubes; and the ovaries, which Methods
produce the female"s egg cells.
Birth control, also known as
These parts are internal; the vagina meets
contraception and fertility control, is a
the external organs at the vulva, which
method or device used to prevent
includes the labia, clitoris and urinary
pregnancy. The various methods used for
it are diaphragm, contraceptive pills,
The vagina is attached to the uterus
tubectomy, vesectomy, copper-T etc.
through the cervix, while the uterus is
attached to the ovaries via the Fallopian