Joint or Articulation Smooth Muscles or Visceral Muscles
It is a junction between two or more bones It is found inside of organs like the
or cartilages. stomach, intestines, and blood vessels.
It allows to movement (except for skull, The weakest of all muscle tissues, visceral
sacral, sternal, and pelvic bones) and muscle makes organs contract to move
provide mechanical support, and are substances through the organ. Because
classified structurally and functionally. visceral muscle is controlled by the
An articulate facet is generally seen as a unconscious part of the brain, it is known
small joint, especially used when speaking as involuntary muscle - it cannot be
of the joints of the ribs. directly controlled by the conscious mind.
Joint Body Location Cardiac Muscles
Shoulder and hip
Socket Found only in the heart, cardiac muscle is
Vertebra, radio-ulna & responsible for pumping blood throughout
Hinge Ankle, Knee, Elbow the body.
Immovable Bone of skull Cardiac muscle tissue cannot be controlled
Pivot Radius and humerus consciously, so it is an involuntary muscle.
Saddle Metacarpal and carpal While hormones and signals from the
Slightly Public bone of pelvic
movable girdle brain adjust the rate of contraction, cardiac
muscle stimulates itself to contract.
The natural pacemaker of the heart is
MUSCULAR SYSTEM made of cardiac muscle tissue that
stimulates other cardiac muscle cells to
It is an organ system consisting of skeletal,
smooth and cardiac muscles.
Because of its self-stimulation, cardiac
It permits movement of the body,
muscle is considered to be auto-rhythmic
maintains posture, and circulates blood
or intrinsically controlled.
throughout the body.
The muscular system in vertebrates is URINARY SYSTEM or Renal System
controlled through the nervous system,
although some muscles (such as the It is the system of production, storage and
cardiac muscle) can be completely elimination of urine.
autonomous. It consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary
bladder, and urethra.
Skeletal Muscles The kidneys filter the blood to remove
wastes and produce urine. The ureters,
Skeletal muscles form most of the human
urinary bladder, and urethra together form
the urinary tract, which acts as a plumbing
They are under the control of human will
system to drain urine from the kidneys,
and all body movements occurring by our
store it, and then release it during
will are produced by skeletal muscles.
They are called skeletal muscles because
Besides filtering and eliminating wastes
they are almost always found attached to
from the body, the urinary system also
the skeleton and produce movements in
maintains the homeostasis of water, ions,
different parts of the skeleton.
pH, blood pressure, calcium and red blood