Zinc Meat, liver and beans. Enzyme activation and Anemia, weak immunity and
Zn carbon dioxide transport. fertility.
Copper beans, raisins, Enzyme, melanin and Anemia, weak blood vessels
Cu chocolate, nuts, meat, hemoglobin formation. and connective tissues.
Iodine Seafood, iodized salt Thyroxin production Goitre - enlargement of the
I and fish. thyroid gland.
Manganese Tea, nuts, spices and Bone development and Irregular growth of bones and
Mn cereals. enzyme activation. connective tissues.
Molybdenum legumes, grains; leafy Helps cells and nerves to Rapid heart and respiratory
Mo green vegetables, function. rates, headache, night
tomatoes, onions, blindness
Chromium beans, cheese, whole Uptake of glucose. Irregular metabolism.
Cr grain food , peas, meat
Cobalt Meat and yeast. Synthesis of Vitamin B12 Anemia
Co formation of red blood
WATER The substance, which lowers or degrades
the quality of food material, is called an
Water is defined as an essential nutrient adulterant.
because it is required in amounts that It can lead to slow poisoning and various
exceed the body"s ability to produce it. kinds of diseases, which can even result in
All biochemical reactions occur in water. death.
It fills the spaces in and between cells and
helps form structures of large molecules Some Common Adulterants in Food
such as protein and glycogen.
About 70% of the human body consists of Food Items Adulterant
Milk, curd and Water and urea
As a general rule, adult males need 3.7 Sweets Saccharin, harmful
liters of water per day, while adult women colour
need 2.7 liters per day. Ghee Vanaspati and
However, pregnant women should aim for animal fats
3 liters per day, and lactating women need Cereals Stones, sand and grit
3.8 liters per day. Dhania Powdered horse
The daily adequate intake of water is
Haldi Powder Lead chromate
lower before the age of 18. Pulses Metanil yellow
Edible oils Argemone oil
Black pepper Papaya seed
Sugar Chalk powder,
It is an addition of another substance to a
food item in order to increase the quantity Honey Sugar solution
of the food item in raw form or prepared Besan Khesari flour
form, which may result in the loss of Vinegar Mineral acid
actual quality of food item.