inorganic chemistry to abstract halides
Sodium chlorite in organic synthesis, used for the oxidation of aldehydes to carboxylic
Sodium hydride a strong base used in organic synthesis
Sodium hydroxide strong base with many industrial uses; in the laboratory, used with
acids to produce the corresponding salt, also used as anelectrolyte
Sodium nitrite used to convert amines into diazo compounds
Sulfuric acid strong mineral acid; major industrial use is the production of
Tollens" reagent a chemical test most commonly used to determine whether a known
carbonyl-containing compound is an aldehyde or a ketone
HUMAN MADE MATERIALS
Any material that is manufactured by human effort or human made through industrial process. e.g.
Soaps, detergents, fertilizers, Glass, medicine, cement, plastics, fibers, etc.
Soap Fertilizers are commonly used for growing
all crops, with application rates depending
Soap is water-soluble sodium or potassium on the soil fertility, usually as measured by
salts of fatty acids. Soaps are made from a soil test and according to the particular
fats and oils, or their fatty acids, by crop.
treating them chemically with a strong Organic fertilizers use decaying plants,
alkali. fish, bone or other animal waste.
Used as surfactants for washing, bathing, Commercial and homemade fertilizers
and cleaning, but they are also used in contain nitrogen, phosphorus and
textile spinning and are important potassium (N-P-K) mixed in proportion to
components of lubricants. function.
It is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants It is a mixture having no definite boiling
with cleaning properties in dilute of freezing points.
It is also called a super cooled liquid.
Higher end detergents contain enzymes
Most glasses are silicates.
and optical brighteners. Some liquid
It is transparent and not affected by
detergents contain nonionic surfactants.
Sodium tripolyphosphate was an excellent
It can be moulded into any shape.
builder used in laundry detergent powders.
The ingredients for making glass are
Limestone (CaCO3), Soda ash (Na2CO3)
and Sand (SiO2).
It is any material of natural or synthetic
origin (other than liming materials) that is
applied to soils or to plant tissues (usually
leaves) to supply one or more plant
nutrients essential to the growth of plants.