LIST OF COMMON INORGANIC & ORGANIC REAGENTS
Reagents are substances or compounds that are added to a system in order to bring about a chemical
reaction or are added to see if a reaction occurs.
  Name                                General Description
  Acetic acid                         an organic acid; is one of the simplest carboxylic acids
  Acetone                             an organic compound; simplest example of the ketones
  Acetylene                           a hydrocarbon and the simplest alkyne; widely used as a fuel and
                                      chemical building block
  Ammonia                             inorganic; the precursor to most nitrogen-containing compounds; used
                                      to make fertilizer
  Butanone (methyl ethyl ketone)      organic compound; similar solvent properties to acetone but has a
                                      significantly slower evaporation rate
  Carbon disulfide                    a non-polar solvent; used frequently as a building block in organic
                                      chemistry
  Chloroform                          organic compound; a precursor to teflon
  Chromic acid                        a strong and corrosive oxidising agent; an intermediate in chromium
                                      plating
  Collins reagent                     used to selectively oxidize primary alcohols to an aldehyde
  Copper(I) iodide                    useful in a variety of applications ranging from organic synthesis
                                      to cloud seeding
  Diethyl ether                       organic compound; a common laboratory solvent
  Dimethyl ether                      the simplest ether; a useful precursor to other organic compounds and
                                      an aerosol propellant
  Dioxane                             a heterocyclic organic compound; classified as an ether
  Ethanol                             a powerful psychoactive drug; used in alcoholic beverages, in
                                      thermometers, as a solvent, and as a fuel
  Fehling"s reagent                   used to differentiate between water-soluble aldehyde and ketone
                                      functional groups
  Fenton"s reagent                    a solution of hydrogen peroxide and an iron catalyst that is used
                                      to oxidize contaminants or waste waters
  Formaldehyde                        the simplest aldehyde; an important precursor to many other chemical
                                      compounds, such as polymers and polyfunctional alcohols
  Formic acid                         the simplest carboxylic acid; often used as a source of the hydride ion
  Grignard reagents                   the most common application is for alkylation of aldehydes and
                                      ketones:
  Hydrochloric acid                   a highly corrosive, strong mineral acid with many industrial uses
  Hydrofluoric acid                   valued source of fluorine, precursor to numerous pharmaceuticals;
                                      highly corrosive
  Hydrogen peroxide                   an oxidizer commonly used as a bleach
  Lime                                used in Flue Gas Desulphurisation in Power Plants
  Limestone                           used in Flue Gas Desulphurisation in Power Plants
  Manganese dioxide                   used as a pigment and as a precursor to other manganese compounds;
                                      used as a reagent in organic synthesis for the oxidation
                                      of allylic alcohols
  Millon"s reagent                    an analytical reagent used to detect the presence of soluble proteins
  Nitric acid                         highly corrosive and toxic strong acid; used for the production of
                                      fertilizers, production of explosives, and as a component ofaqua regia
  Phosphoric acid                     a mineral acid with many industrial uses; commonly used in the
                                      laboratory preparation of hydrogen halides
  Phosphoryl chloride                 used to make phosphate esters such as tricresyl phosphate
  Potassium hydroxide                 a strong base; precursor to most soft and liquid soaps as well as
                                      numerous potassium-containing chemicals
  Silver oxide                        used to prepare other silver compounds; in organic chemistry, used as
                                      a mild oxidizing agent
  Silver nitrate                      precursor to many other silver compounds; commonly used in
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