Mahmud Begarha One of the greatest rulers of 3ujarat, he ruled for a long
period of 52 years (ad 1459–1511) and defeated many of his neighbours and
checked the expansion of the Portuguese on the Gujarat coast. The Italian
traveller, Varthima, makes a mention of Mahmud’s great appetite in his
Malhar Rao Holkar The founder of the Holkar family of Indore, he rose
into prominence by rendering efficient and loyal service to Peshwa Baji Rao I
and was rewarded with large territories in central India which were held by
his successors till their merger in the independent India in 1948.
Mataviya, Madanmohan A leading nationalist leader, prominent
educationist and social reformer, he edited three journals (Hindustan, Indian
Union and Abhyudaya) between 1885 and 1907, and joined the Indian
National Congress becoming its president twice (1909 and 1918). His
greatest achievement was the foundation of the Banaras Hindu University in
1915. In religious matters, he was an orthodox Hindu but believed in the
suddhi (movement of reconversion) and the removal of untoughability. He
was thrice elected the president of the Hindu Mahasabha.
Mayurasarman The founder of the Kadambas of Banavasi (Mysore
region), he probably revolted against the Pallavas of Kanchi in the fourth
century ad and established his independent kingdom.
Meghavama Ruler of Ceylon and a contempo- rary of Samudragupta, he
sent an embassy to Samudragupta with presents and obtained the lat- er’s
permission to build a monastery to the north of Bodh Gaya for the use of
Ceylonese Buddhist pilgrims.
Mihirakula The son and successor of the Huna King, Toramana, who ruled
over on extensive dominion comprising a large part of the western frontiers
of the Gupta empire and central Malwa in the last quarter of the fifth century
ad. Ascending the throne around ad 500, he had Sakala (Sialkot) in the
Punjab as his capital. In about ad 528 he was defeated and driven out of his
kingdom by a combination of Baladitya (king of Magadha) and Yasovarman
(king or Mandasor).
Minhai-i-Sirai A famous historian of the time of the Slave sultan,
Nasiruddin Muhammad, he was the author of Tabaqat-i-Nasiri, a reliable