successfully against the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat. He was also a
great builder, being responsible for the construction of about 32 forts within
the state of Mewar and the ‘Kirtistambha’ or victory tower within Chittor.
Liquat Ali Khan Born in UP, he was an important leader of the Muslim
League. He was the finance minister in the Interim Government (1946–47)
and after the partition became the first Prime Minister of Pakistan. He was
assassinated by an unknown murderer in a public meeting.
Macaulay, Thomas Babington A renowned English scholar, essayist,
historian and politician, he came to India in 1834 as the first law member of
the Governor-General’s Executive Council. He drafted the Penal Code which
later became the basis of the Indian Criminal Code and maintained the
equality of Europeans and Indians before the law. He was also responsible for
inaugurating the system of liberal education on western lines through the
medium of English.
Mac Donnell, Sir Anthony He was the chairman of the Famine
Commission appointed by Lord Curzon in 1900.
MacMohan, Sir Henry He was the chairman of the Commission which
drew up the famous ‘MacMohan Line’ that marks off the North-Eastern
Frontier Agency (India) from the frontiers of Tibet and China.
Madhava Rao, Peshwa The second son of the third Peshwa (Balaji Baji
Rao) whom he succeeded at the age of 17 in 1761, he was responsible for the
near revival of the Maratha power and glory after their rout in the third battle
of Panipat. He defeated all his neighbours, including the nizam and Haider
Ali. In north India, he reoccupied Malwa and Bundelkhand, crushed the Jats
and Rohillas, reoccupied Delhi the fugitive Mughal emperor, Shah Alam II,
who had long been a prisoner of the English at Allahabad.
Mahabat Khan Originally known as Zamana Beg, the title of Mahabat
Khan was conferred on him by jahangir. He proved to be a very capable
general and was sent to Mewar to fight against Rana Amar Singh whom he
defeated. But under Nur Jahan’s influence, jahangir neglected him for 12
years which resulted in his frustration and ultimately revolt during which
period (1626) he even kept the emperor as his prisoner for a short while. On
the accession of Shah Jahan whom he supported for the throne, he was given