made up with the Mughals. Later he succeeded his father and maintained
friendly relations with the Mughals.
Kashyapa Matanga The first Indian Buddhist monk to visit China and
introduced Buddhism there in the second half of the first century ad on the
invitation of a Chinese mission sent by Emperor Ming.
Kaudinya According to Cambodian tradition, he was an Indian Brahmin
who established the kingdom of Kambuja Desa in modem Cambodia.
Khafi Khan The pen name under which Muhammad Hashim wrote his
famous historical work, Muntakhab-ul-Lubab, on the reign of Aurangzeb in
total secrecy because of the emperor’s opposition to it. He was highly
impartial and truthful enough to record the victory of Sivaji and to appreciate
some of his merits.
Kharavela The greatest of the early kings of Kalinga (Orissa), his reign
and achievements are known to us from a single inscription, known as the
Hathigumpha Inscription, found in a Jaina cave in the Udayagiri Hills in the
Puri District. Belonging to the Cheta dynasty, he is said to have brought the
whole of Kalinga under his rule and even scored victories over most of his
neighbours. He patronised Jainism and constructed a number of public works.
Khusrau, Prince The eldest son of Jahangir (Salim), he staked his claim
for the throne against his father after the death of Akbar (1605). Despite the
support given to him by his maternal uncle, Man Singh of Amber, he was not
successful against his father who defeated him but pardoned him later.
During Jahangir’s reign also he made anumber of unsuccessful attempts to
capture the throne, and was finally handed over to the custody of his younger
brother, Khurram (Shah Jahan), who is said to have caused his death.
Khwaja Jahan The title conferred on Malik Sarwar, who was appointed in
1394 by Nasiruddin Muhammad Tughiuq as Lord of the East, ‘Malik-us-
Sharq’, with his headquarters at Jaunpur. His son extended his authority over
the whole of Ganga–Yamuna Doab and founded the independent Sharqi
dynasty.
Kirat Singh The Raja of Kalinjar in Bundelkhand, he incurred the
displeasure of Sher Shah Sur by giving shelter to Bir Singh, Raja of Rewah.
Despite his stiff resistance, Sher Shah took the fort in 1545 but was mortally