(Ajit Singh) of Jaswant as the legal heir.
Jinnah, Muhammad Ali Founder of Pakistan, he was born in Karachi,
studied law and set up a roar- ing practice in Bombay. He joined Indian
politics as a follower of moderate Congress leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji
and G K. Gokhale, and became a member of the Central Legislative Council
in 1910. But soon he joined the Muslim League (1913) and became its
president in 1916 (Lucknow Session). After the ascendancy of Gandhiji in
the national pol-itics, he completely broke away from the Congress and
started reorganising the League and demanding the partition of India on a
religious basis (1940). Known as the ‘Qaid-i-Azam’ (Great Leader), he
became the First Governor General of Independent Pakistan.
Jones, Sir William A famous British Orientalist and jurist, he founded the
Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1789 and served it as its president till his death
in Calcutta in 1794. During his stay in India (1784–94) he also served as a
judge of the Supreme Court in Calcutta. Being well-versed in Persian and
Sanskrit languages, he translated a number of Hindu and Muslim law books
and other treatises into English.
Kadphises I The founder of the Kushana dynasty in India, he lived in the
first century ad. His empire included Bactria, Afghanistan and north-western
part of India.
Kafur, Malik Originally a Hindu, he was captured and converted to Islam
by Alauddin Khalji during his Gujarat campaign (1297). He proved himself
to be a capable general and most trusted official of the Sultan, conquering the
kingdoms of Devagiri, Warangal, Dwarasamudra, Malabar and Madurai for
his master. After Alauddin’s death, however, he set up one of the late
Sultan’s minor sons on the throne with all powers concentrated in his own
hands. Ultimately all his opponents combined together and murdered him.
Kalhana The author of Rajatarangini which is a chronicle of the kings of
Kashmir, he lived in the 12th century ad.
Kamran, Prince Second son of Babur, he was given Afghanistan by his
elder brother, humayun. But he failed to give shelter to his brother in his days
of wilderness. Finally Humayun captured Afghanistan from his hounger
brother with the help of a Persians before his reconquest of India.