Impey, Sir Elijah He was appointed the first chief justice of the Supreme
Court in Calcutta by the Regulating Act of 1773. In 1775 he convicted Nanda
Kumar for forgery and sentenced him to death, probably under the influence
of Warren Hastings (a class-mate of Impey). In 1779 the Supreme Court
under his leadership entered into a most disreputable quarrel with the
Governor-General’s Council over the question of its jurisdiction.
Islam Shah Sur Son and successor of Sher Shah Sur, he ruled Delhi from
1545 to 1545 and maintained the efficiency of the army and preserved many
of the reforms introduced by his father.
Jahannara Elder of the two daughters of Shah Jahan, she supported Dara
in the war of succession and after the succession of Aurangzeb she
voluntarily devoted herself to the service of her imprisoned father. She was
also a great poetess and died a spinster.
Jayadeva An eminent poet and contemporary of Lakshmana Sena (late
12th century), he wrote the famous lyric, Gita Govinda.
Jaimal A valiant fighter of Mewar, he was left in charge of Chittor by Rana
Lidai Singh when it was attacked by Akbar. He heroically defended the fort
for four months before falling to the Mughal forces.
Jai Singh The Kachhawaha ruler of Amber, he played a prominent role in
the later part of Shah Jahan’s reign and early part of Aurangzeb’s reign. In
the war of succession he was sent against Prince Shuja whom he defeated and
pursued to the borders of Bengal. Later Aurangzeb pardoned him and
employed him in the Deccan where he carried on a successful campaign
against Sivaji and compelled him to sign the treaty of Purandhar (1665).
Jaipal Hindushahi ruler of Waihind (Lidabhandapur) in north-western
India, he was defeated convincingly by Mahmud of Ghazni in a battle near
Peshawar in AD 100 I. He is said to have committed suicide out of
humiliation, leaving his son Anandapala on the throne. But the latter was also
defeated by Mahmud in ad 1008, thus ending the Hindushahi dynasty.
Jaswant Singh The Rathor ruler of Marwar (Jodhpur—capital), he was
sent against Aurangzeb by Shah Jahan in the war of succession, but was
defeated in the battle of Dharmat near Ujjain (1658). Later he was pardoned
by Aurangzeb who retained him        in Mughal service. While serving in the