the Arabs under Muhammad bin Qasim (ad
was interested in Sufism and tolerant of all religious faiths. He was with his
father when the latter fell ill in 1756, but his claim to the throne was
contested by his three younger brothers (Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad) which
resulted in the war of succession (1656–58) among the brothers. Though he
had the backing of his father, he was defeated successively by Aurangzeb in
the three battles of Kharmat, Samugarh and Deorai. Thereafter he became a
fugitive and took shelter with Jiwan Khan. the Afghan chief of Dadar (Sind),
who however betrayed him to the forces of Aurangzeb. He was ultimately
tried on the charge of apostasy ‘and executed by Aurangzeb in August 1659.
Das, Chittaranian An eminent lawyer who first distinguished himself by
successfully defending Aurobindo Ghosh in the famous Alipore Bomb Case.
He gave up his lucrative practice to join the Non-Cooperation Movement. He
presided over the 1922 Session of the INC, but soon realised the futility of
the policy of keeping out of the legislative councils. Along with Motilal
Nehru he formed the Swaraj Party within the INC with the declared policy of
entering tl1e councils and disrupting their functioning (also known as the
policy of ‘responsive cooperation’). His party captured a number of seats in
the legislatures and was implementing its policy when he suddenly passed
away in June, 1925. Because of his great contribution to the cause of the
nation, he came to be called’ Deshbandhu’ (friend of the countrv) by the
people.
Daulat Khan Lodhi The Lodhi governor of Punjab, he nursed a deep
grievance against Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi for the latter’s harsh treatment of his
son (Dilawar Khan) and joined Alam Khan (Ibrahim’ss uncle) and Rana
Sangram Singh of Mewar in inviting Babur to invade India.
Dawar Baksh Son of Prince Khusrau (Jahangir’s eldest son who had died
in 1622), he was put on the throne by Asaf Khan in 1627 as a stop-gap
arrangement till Ahah Jahan came from Deccan and claimed the chrone.
Devabhuti (or Devabhumi) The last Sunga who was murdered in 75 bc
by his own minister, vasudeva, who founded the Kanva dynasty.
Devanampiya Piyadassi The title by which Asoka, the Great, is referred to
in almost all his inscriptions, except the one at Maski which refers to him as
‘Asoka Piyadassi’ and thus settles the question of the identity of the title with