even appointed him as his deputy.
Bairam Khan Guardian and later regent (1556–1560) of Akbar, he helped
the latter in winning the second battle of Panipat and also in conquering
Gwalior, Ajmer and Jaunpur. When Akbar assumed the direct charge of
administration at the age of 18, Bairam revolted but was defeated and
pardoned. On his way to Mecca, he was murdered by some of his enemies at
Patan in Gujarat (1561).
Ballala Sena The second independent Sena ruler (ad 1158–79) of Bengal,
he expanded his kingdom considerably. He was protific writer in Sanskrit,
authoring Danasagara and Adbhutasagara. Being a patron of orthodox
Hinduism, he founded kulinism or a system of nobility among the Brahmins
and Kayasthas of Bengal.
Banda Bahadur The disciple of the 10th and last Sikh Guru, Govind
Singh, he was the political leader of the Sikhs between 1708 and 1715. For
the revenge he took on a Mughal official, Wazir Khan, who had executed the
sons of his guru, he was hunted down by the Mughals who could finally
capture and executed him in 1715.
Barani, Ziauddin A conservative historian of Firoz Shah Tughluq’s
period, his Tarikh-i-Firozshahi gives us information about the rule of the
Tughluqs upto Firoz.
Barwell, Richard An official of the East India Company, he was made a
member of the Governor General’s Council by the Act of 1773. Unlike the
other three members of the Council, he gave his full support to Warren
Hastings.
Baz Bahadur Ruler of Malwa with Manda as his capital, he was famous
for his patronage of architecture and music. Akbar annexed his kingdom but
later took him into Mughai service. His wife, Rupmati, was known for her
beauty.
Best, Captain Commander of an English ship, the ‘Dragon’, he defeated
the Portuguese fleet at Swally (near Surat) in 1622 which made Jahangir to
grant permission to the English to erect a factory at Surat.
Bethune, J E D Law Member of the Governor General’s Council, he is
famous for promoting education       among the Indian women. He was the