Asaf Khan Son of Mirza Ghiyas Beg (Itimad-ud:laula) and brother of
Mihr-un-nisa (Nur Jahan), he gave his daughters, Anjuman and Banu Begum
:Mumtaz Mahal), in marriage to Prince Khurram :Shah Jahan) and helped
him to capture the throne lfter Jahangir’s death. Later he served his son-inlaw
as the wazir.
Asanga A prominent Buddhist scholar, saint and mthor, he belonged to the
fourth century ad and was ~he brother of Vasubandhu (teacher and minister
of Samudragupta). He was the author of the Sutralankara (the earliest text of
the Yogachara school of Mahayanism) and the Yogachara Bhumi Sastra.
Asvaghosha A Buddhist (Mahayana) saint and scholar of Kanishka’s
period, he played an active part in the Fourth Buddhist Council. He was the
author of Buddhacharita (a biography of the Buddha), and Rashtrapala and
Sariputra Prakasha (dramas).
Atisha Dipankara A renowned Vajrayana Buddhist monk and preacher
(ad 981–1054) of the Pala period, his original name was Chandragarbha. He
served as the principal of the Vikramasila University for about 18 years, and
later went to Tibet and preached there for 12 years.
Avantivarman A Maukhari ruler of Kanauj, he was the father of
Grahavarman, who married Rajyasri, the sister of Harshavardhana of the
Pushyabhuti dynasty.
Azim-ud-daula The last nawab of the autonomous state of the Carnatic, he
was pensioned off and his state was annexed by Lord Wellesley in 1801.
Badal and Gora The Rajput heroes of Mewar, who died fighting while
defending Chittor from Alaudding Khalji’s forces.
Badauni A prominent historian of Akbar’s period, he is the author of
Muntakhab-ul-Tawarikh, which contains a rather critical account of Akbar’s
liberal reign.
Bahadur Shah Ruler of Gujarat (1526–37), he defeated his neighbours like
the Sultan of Malwa and Rana of Mewar, and extended his territories at their
cost. Though he was defeated and deprived of his kingdom by Humayun in
1535, he soon recovered it by driving out the occupying Mughal forces. But
in 1537 he is said to have been drowned while holding discussions with the
Portuguese on board one of their   ships.