Movement and was imprisoned twice in 1930 and 1932.
Antialcidas An Indo-Greek King of Taxila (140–130 bc), he sent
Heliodorous as ambassador to Kasiputra Bhagabhadra of Vidisa, the fifth
Sunga ruler. He is mentioned in the Besnagar Pillar Inscription, near Vidisa
in MP.
Antigonous Gonatas King of Macedonia (277–239 bc), he is referred to as
‘Antikini’ in the Major Rock Edict XIII of Asoka. He was one of the Greek
rulers with whom Asoka maintained friendly relations.
Antiochus I Son of Seleucus Nikator, he was the king of Syria and sent
Deimachus as his ambassador to the court of Bindusara. When Bindusara
requested him to send sweet wine. dried figs and a sophist, he replied that
wine and figs would be sent but not a sophist, for the laws prohibited a
sophist to be sold.
Antiochus II Theos The Greek King of Syria (261–246 bc) who is referred
to in the Major Rock Edict XIIl of Asoka as ‘Antiyoko’ with whom he
maintained friendly relations.
Anuruddha The son and successor of Udayin of the Haryanka dynasty of
Magadha, he was the last ruler of the dynasty according to the Ceylonese
Buddhist chronicles.
Appolodotos An Indo-Greek king, he came to power by murdering his own
father, Eucratides. in about 156 bc.
Aquaviva, Father Ridolfo A Jesuit missionary working at Goa, he was
sent to Fatehpur Sikri along with Father Monserrate by the Portuguese
government on the request of Akbar who wanted to know the fundamental
tenets of Christianity.
Arjun, Guru The fifth guru of the Sikhs (1581–1606), he was the son and
successor of Guru Ramdas. He compiled the Adi Granth and built the famous
Harmandir Sahib in the city of Amritsar. In 1577 Akbar had donated the site
to Ramdas who founded the city there. Guru Arjun required the Sikhs to pay
a ‘spiritual tribute’, a sort of religious cess, thus laying the foundation of the
wealth of the Sikh gurus. He was executed by Jahangir for helping prince
Khusrau, who was in revolt against his father.
Asaf Khan Akbar’s general             who conquered 3arhkatanga from Rani