Abdul Gaffar Khan Popularly known as the ‘Frontier Gandhi’, he was a
prominent nationalist leader of the North-western Frontier Province, and
founded a nationalist organisation, called the ‘Khudai Khidmatgars’
(Servants of God), popularly referred to as the ‘Red Shirts’. He began a
movement for ‘Pakhttoonistan’ in post-independent Pakistan, for which he
was imprisoned by the Pakistani government. Awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’
award posthumously by the Indian government.
Abdul Hamid Lahori Shah Jahan’s official historian and the author of
Padshah Namah.
Abdullah Barha Sayyjd The elder of the two famous Sayyid brothers, the
younger being Hussain, played the role of king-makers in the Mughal empire
betvfeen 1713 and 1722.
Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan Son of Bairam Khan, he became a
prominent noble and military commander of Akbar, and contributed to
literature by his translation of Babur’s Memoirs into Persian and other such
Abdur Razzak Lari General of the last Qutab Shahi ruler of Golconda
(Abul Hasan), he defended the fort very bravely for a long time before its
final conquest by Aurangzeb (1687) who later took him into his employment.
Abul Fazl Son of Shaik Mlubarak and brother of Faizi (poet), he was the
official historian and close adviser of Akbar. Wrote Ain-i-Akbari (a statistical
account of Akbar’s empire) and Akbar Namah (an authoritative account of
his reign). Assassinated by Bir Singh Bundela in 1602 at the instigation of
Prince Salim (later Jahangir).
Adham Khan Son of Maham Anaga (foster mother of Akbar), he became
powerful for two years (1560-62) after the fall of Bairam Khan, but was
executed by Akbar for murdering the then wazir, Shams-ud-din Atga Khan
Afzal Khan Bijapuri general sent to suppress Sivaji, but was outsmarted
and killed by Sivaji with his baghnakh       (tiger claws) when the two met for