primarily oriented towards subsistence production and
         customary distribution of the produce rather than to
         production for the market. An important economic rationale
         for its prevalence and persistence seems to be the security it
         provided against the frequent famines.
REVENUE SYSTEMS AND PRACTICES
Batai       It was one of the several methods of revenue calculation
            and collection that were prevalent in medieval India. In
            this system the crop was divided between the cultivator
            and the government in different ways either before or
            after the harvest. It was also known as the galla-bakshi
            system.
Bhagdari    It was a system under which bhagdars (sharers or
            partners) were collectively, not individually, responsible
            for the payment of revenue to the government.
Dahsala     A revenue system in which the average produce of
            different crops as well as the average prices of the past 10
            years were calculated and one-third of the average
            produce in terms of cash was collected by the state as the
            land revenue. It was introduced by Akbar in his 24th
            regnal year.
Danabandi   It was a revenue system in which not the actual crop (as in
            the balai system) but the estimated crop was divided
            between the cultivator and the government or its agents.
            During the British period the zamindars under the
            permanent settlement increasingly demanded payment of
            their share of estimated crop not in kind, but in cash at
            market rates of certain periods of year which proved
            disastrous to the cultivators.
Ijara       It was the practice of revenue farming. According to this
            practice, the right to farm or collect revenue was granted