TERMS OF MEDIEVAL AND
                   MODERN INDIA
SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
 Ayagar  It was a Socio-economic system which originated first in the
 System  Karnataka region in ancient period and then spread to Tamil
         and Andhra regions in the medieval period. It meant that the
         requirements of the rural population in certain goods and
         social services were met by a staff of professionals, who
         were remunerated not with the payment for work done, but
         summarily with a fraction of gross agricultural produce,
         called Ayam. All village artisans and menials together with
         the community administrative staff were therefore known by
         the common name of ayagars (receivers of the ayam).
 Baluta  Similar to the ayagar system, it was prevalent in western
 System  India and Deccan during the medieval period. Under this
         system a fixed annual share of each peasant family’s corn
         and garden produce, called baluta, was permanently assigned
         for the subsistence of about 12 village servants and artisans
         called balutadars (carpenter, blacksmith, potter, barber,
         wash-erman, shoemaker, rope-maker, mahar, etc.). They
         were not employed by individual peasant families (as under
         the jajmani system) but by the village as a whole and were
         expected to serve the villagers whenever required in their
         respective capacities fixed by their castes.
 Jajmani It was a reciprocal system of prescribed rights and
 System  obligations between specific rural families. Under this
         system jajmani families, generally the landowners, received
         goods and services from the kamin families of village
         artisans and servants, and made customary payments to them.