to give unlimited power to the government to
the large number of strikes by the labourers.
Reason (R): Gandhi himself included strikes in the various programmes of
the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Assertion (A): The Indian nationalist movement for the first time in its history
acquired a real mass base during the Non-Cooperation Movement.
Reason (R): A large number of peasants and workers participated in the Non-
Cooperation Movement.
Assertion (A): Gandhi’s eleven point ultimatum to Lord Irwin in January
1930 was considered by many Congressmen as a sad climb-down from the
Poorna Swaraj Resolution.
Reason (R): It included, among others, the demand for only ‘Dominion
Status’ and not complete independence.
Assertion (A): The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
(FCCI) opposed the Civil Disobedience Movement.
Reason (R): G D Biria donated between one to five lakh rupees to the Civil
Disobedience Movement.
Assertion (A): The second session of Round Table Conference failed to
achieve anything.
Reason (R): The British refused to commute the death sentence on Bhagat
Singh and his comrades to life imprisonment, and carried on their execution.
Assertion (A): Gandhi undertook a fast unto death in the Yeravadajail in
protest against the Communal Award of Ramsay Mac Donald.
Reason (R): The Communal Award proposed to introduce, among others,
separates electorates for the untouchables.
Assertion (A): Civil Disobedience Movement marked a major step forward in
the emancipation of Indian women.
Reason (R): A large number of women took active participation in the Civil
Disobedience Movement.
Assertion (A): C Rajagopalachari and Bhulabhai Desai resigned from the
Congress in July 1942.
Reason (R): They had differences with Gandhi on the question of starting a
mass movement during the course of the war.