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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 2088Book's First Page
perhaps to 1937, perhaps to 1934, to 1920, to 1919 or even to the days of Sir Sayyid. The events of these years may have been significant milestones but they did not inevitably lead to Pakistan. Nor indeed did the Lahore Resolution itself inexorably foreshadow the formation of an Islamic state. In 1940 the Pakistan demand seemed somewhat quixotic, an unreal objective. It was still not widely accepted seriously even by Muslim intellectuals and leaders, much less by the middle class or by the masses. Some writers have interpreted the formulation of the demand not as a serious objective but rather as a bargaining point which the League could use to exact the maximum concessions from any future constitutional settlement. If so, then even after 1940, Pakistan was not inevitable and it does seem that Jinnah was prepared at certain later stages to accept something significantly less than Pakistan. The issue as a whole provides one of the major controversies in South Asian history. THE POST-1945 DEVELOPMENTS: PARTITION AND INDEPENDENCE C R Formula (1944) C. Rajagopalachari, realising the necessity of a settlement between the Congress and the Muslim League for the attainment of independence by India, evolved in 1944, a formula, called the C R Formula. Its main contents were: • The Muslim League should cooperate with the Congress in the formation of provisional interim government for the transitional period. • After the close of war, a commission shall be appointed to demarcate the boundaries of the Muslim-dominated districts in the north-west and east of India. The people of these districts shall decide, by plebiscite, the issue of separation from India. ‘ • In the event of separation, a mutual agreement shall be entered into between the two governments for jointly safeguarding defence, commerce, communications and other essential sectors, etc.