to have existed between them to co-operate
Ministries provided they accepted the Congress creed and the view that the
Congress was the only organisation in the struggle against the British. It did
not allow members of the Muslim League to enter cabinets. The decision
alienated the League and probably marked the turning point in its attitude.
    In 1937, at Lucknow, the League decided to continue its 1936 programme
and did so with a will hitherto lacking. Jinnah re-emphasised the need to
build up the organisation and to gain support from the masses rather than the
intelligentsia. Within three months, 170 branches were opened and, it was
claimed, 1,00,000 new members enrolled in UP alone. Mullahs and priests
spread the doctrine among rural and urban masses while an attempt, made,
with some success, to capture non-League Muslim, Muslim politicians in the
provincial legislatures.
    An anti-Congress propaganda drive was also mounted. Muslims were told
they could not expect fair play or justice under a Congress raj and complaints
were made of Congress mal-administration. In the Pirpur Report and the
Shareef Report specific instances of the Ministries’ persecution of Muslims
were cited and, generally, of the injustice done to them. It was claimed that
the new administration had encouraged the playing of music in front
mosques, did not permit the sacrifice of cows and that mosques had been
desecrated. The truth of these charges is doubtful but they did serve to
heighten Muslim feelings against the Congress and hence improve the
position of the League. When, in 1939, the Congress Ministries resigned,
Jinnah proclaimed a Day of Deliverance.