Back to Projects JOIN WHATSAPP GROUP Free PSC MCQ 4 Lakhs+ Please Write a Review Current Affairs 2018 to 2022 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 1 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 2 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 3 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 4 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 5
Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 2084Book's First Page
separatism since the Act reaffirmed the but also virtual perpetual majorities in the new full provinces of Sind and the NWFP, the Punjab and 48.6 per cent of seats in Bengal. But fears of Hindu domination would continue since the proposed federation would be strong rather than loose and residuary powers would rest with the center and not with the provinces. Though the movement towards a Muslim state had been advanced by a constitutional discussion, it had still not been taken to its logical conclusion. COINING OF THE TERM PAKISTAN In 1933 Rahmat AIi, a Muslim student at Cambridge, published a pamphlet in which he advocated a separate Muslim State in the north-west of India. He named it Pakistan which meant ‘the land of the pure’ and was coined from the first letters of Punjab, Afghania (i.e. NWFP), Kashmir, Sind and the final part of Baluchistan. Again, the territorial area was delimited and did not include Bengal, where Muslims were concentrated. The idea of a separate nation, of Pakistan, had thus achieved definite shape and was mooted but, in 1935-6, it had little support and was not at all an important issue of the day. Muslim opinion accepted the reality of the community’s separate interests and identity but was not prepared to go further and consider the Muslims as a separate national entity. Within five years the opinion changed. Growth of the Movement Even in 1934 Muslim politics were in the doldrums. The League was disunited, its organisation was minimal and its membership sparse and elitist in nature. It had little influence upon Muslim politics which in the NWFP were dominated by the Congress-oriented ‘Red Shirts’, the Khudai Khidmatgar, under Abdul Ghaffar Khan; in the Punjab by the Unionist Party (which also had non-Muslim members) led by Sir Fazil-i-Husain; in the Sind there were three different Muslim organisations and in Bengal too the most important and intransigent was the Krishak Praja Samiti, led by Fazlul Haq. In Muslim minority provinces like the UP and Bombay its position was slightly better but only marginally so.