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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 2077Book's First Page
SEPARATIST TRENDS IN INDIAN NATIONALIST POLITICS SEPARATIST TRENDS Causes The primary cause for separatist trends in Indian nationalist politics was the grievances of the Muslim minority against the Hindu majority, due to the latter’s domination of trade, industry, government service, education and professions. When the company supplanted the Muslims, they suffered loss of wealth and social status along with that of political power. The Revolt of 1857 dealt a heavy blow to the aspirations of the Muslims and made their position still worse. Western education as a pre-condition for government office also resulted in a gradual decrease in the percentage of Muslim government employees. Their avoidance of western education, keeping away from trade and industry and adherence to feudal ways were also responsible for their backwardness in the field of politics and economics. The economic backwardness of the country in general also contributed to the rise of separatist trends. Unemployment was an acute problem. There was, in consequence, an intense competition for the few available jobs. Many thought of such shortsighted and short-term remedies as communal, provincial, or caste reservations in jobs. The educational movement of Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan added fuel to the fire by arousing Muslims to a sense of degradation as a community. Politically conscious Hindu intellectuals began to claim India for Indians which, in effect, meant for the majority community. The majority of the Muslims did not accept this nationalistic future of Indian democracy which did not include adequate safeguards for them. As a result, a new phase of anti-national, rather anti Hindu, activity commenced.