KOMAGATA MARU INCIDENT (1914–15)
The Komagata Maru was a Japanese steamer, commissioned by Gurdit
Singh, to transport Indian immigrants to Canada. A total of 376 passengers
reached Vancouver on May 23, 1914; but they were prevented by the
Canadian authorities from disembarking. Consequently the steamer was
forced to retrace its steps, starting back on its voyage.
The hapless passengers, all except 25 of whom were Sikhs, fared no
better on return. The British, on their arrival at Calcutta, herded them into
waiting trains and bundled them off to the Punjab.
Canada’s policy of racial discrimination combined with the British
Indian government’s apathy aroused the nationalists at home and abroad.
By this time the, Ghadar party’s activties had also reached a climax.
Thirsting for revenge, the Ghadarites returned home to drive out their alien
Other Activities of Revolutionary Terrorists
Other activities of the revolutionary terrorists were:
• Plan of Bengal revolutionaries under Jatin Mukherji (popularly
known as Bagha Jatin) to organise disruption of rail communication,
seizure of Fort William etc. Its failure due to poor coordination and
death of Jatin near Balasore (Orissa) while fighting the British in
• Plan of Rash Behari Bose and Sachin Sanyal and some Ghadarites to
organise a coordinated revolt on February 21, 1915, based on
mutinies by Ferozpur, Lahore and Rawalpindi garrisons. It failed due
to treachery and Rash Behari Bose had to escape to Japan, and Sanyal
was deported for life.
• Setting up of the Indian ‘Independence Committee’ in Berlin in 1915
under Virendranath Chattopadhyay, Bhupendranath Dutta, Har Dayal,
etc. in collaboration with the German foreign office under the
• Setting up of a Provisional Government of Free India at Kabul in