in the least.
with the concept of a responsible form of Government. Since the amendment
of the Constitution was out of question, the Congress ministries began to hold
informal meetings without inviting the Governor. In formal meetings
presided over by the Governor, the ministries did not discuss matters of
serious importance. In non-Congress provinces, the presence of Governors
was rather gaily welcomed. Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, the Chief Minister of
Punjab, once stated that the Governor with his mature administrative
experience, was always helpful in cabinet meetings.
Resignation of Congress Ministries Even after the resignation of
Congress ministries, the British Government made a few vain attempts to
observe the rules of responsible government.
    • In Orissa and Assam, the Governors called the leaders of minority
        groups to form the cabinets. Orissa chief ministership was offered to a
        person who had the support of only 14 in a house of 60 members.
        Similarly, Chief Minister of Assam was retained in his office even
        after being defeated at the polls.
    • On the other hand, the chief ministers of Sind and Bengal were
        dismissed although they had the solid backing of a stable majority in
        the legislature.
    • Another strange thing about it was that the removal of a minister did
        not lead to the resignation of all ministers. Such a practice was highly
        repugnant to the canons of a responsible form of government.
    • This broke the time-honoured convention of collective responsibility
        and its natural upshot was that the cabinets became ridden with
        rivalries and intrigues. The ministries became unstable. From 1937 to
        1948 in Sind alone, the ministries were formed and dissolved five
Achievements of the Ministries
Constructive Work
The Congress did laudable work during its term of office in various
provinces. The Congress Ministers busied themselves with constructive
    • Soon after assuming office,       they set about tackling the questions of