1938. The Governors of both the provinces opposed this move on the excuse
that such a step would disturb the peace and tranquillity of the provinces. The
Governor General under Section 126 of the Act, directed the Governors to
refuse the release of prisoners by invoking their special responsibility. The
ministries made it a prestige issue and resigned. It seemed for the time being,
that even the provincial part of the Act was also not going to work well. The
British Government ultimately relented. Negotiations started between the
Governor General and the Congress and it was decided that the political
prisoners would be released gradually, after examining each individual case
thoroughly.
Alleged Congress Persecution of Muslims in UP
The Congress decision not to join hands with any communal organisation had
severe repercussions. When the Congress left out the League in selecting the
team of ministers, the League began to raise the bogey of Hindu tyranny over
the Muslims. It alleged that Congress was essentially a Hindu organisation
and was committing atrocities on the poor Muslims.
    • The Congress rebutted the League’s charges and demanded a judicial
        inquiry into the allegations made by Jinnah. The Viceroy, however,
        cancelled the proposal of inquiry, because he himself was satisfied
        with the fair and secular conduct of the Congress.
    • The Governor General and the Governors refused to interfere with the
        working of Congress ministries in the name of safeguarding the
        interests of the minorities. Mr. Jinnah was sorely disappointed.
    • Thus, the working of the Provincial Autonomy till 1939, remained
        quite satisfactory. The Governors remained true to the assurance
        given by the Governor General before the acceptance of office by the
        Congress. They acted as constitutional heads. After the resignation of
        Congress ministries in 1939, they once again became the real heads of
        the provinces.
Part Played by Governors in Non-Congress Provinces In non-Congress
provinces, the Governors enjoyed unlimited powers. There was no strong and
organised party to challenge or block their interference.
    • For instance, when the         Governor General consulted the Punjab