the question of the formation of ministries in the Congress-dominated
Provinces. The issue was decided in favour of offices acceptance.
And in July, 1937, the Congress formed its ministries in six
Provinces of UP, Bihar, Madras, Bombay, Orissa and Central
Provinces. In NWFP and Assam, it agreed to form coalition ministries
with the cooperation of other political parties.
• In provinces where it had gained a clear majority, it refused to give
any concession to the League in the cabinet. It felt that a set of
ministers divided in loyalties would not be able to work in, a team
spirit. The non-inclusion of League members in the cabinet,
however, proved harmful. It strained the relations between the Hindus
and Muslims. Muhammad Ali Jinnah levelled several charges against
Working of the Provincial Autonomy
Eleven Provincial Ministries of British India The ministries formed in
1937 in eleven provinces of India had different stories to tell. They could not
function smoothly. In Bengal, Sind and Punjab the new setup worked for ten
years. In other provinces, the so-called responsible governments remained in
saddle just for two years. In October, 1939, the Congress ministries in eight
provinces tendered their resignations on the war issue. The Governors in
those provinces, by issuing a Proclamation of Emergency, assumed all the
executive and legislative powers to themselves. The Governors’ rule lasted
till 1946, when fresh elections were held and responsible governments once
again set up in the provinces.
Role of Governors in Congress-ruled Provinces In Congress-dominated
provinces, the Governors usually behaved decently. They did not interfere
much with the work of the Ministers. Instances when the Governor exercised
their special powers were also few. They extended their cooperation to the
ministries by giving their assent to nearly all the Acts passed by the
legislatures. Hence, the initial fear that the Governors, by invoking their
special responsibilities, would obstruct and undo the work of the ministers,
proved untrue. No doubt, a few deadlocks and crises did occur in Congress
Provinces, but they were soon resolved.