Composition and Terms The court was to consist of at least 3 judges (a
Chief Justice and 2 Associate Judges) and located at Delhi.
    • The Crown was to appoint its judges who were to hold office until
       they reached 65 years of age.
    • Their salaries were fixed at the time of appointment and were not to
       be altered subsequently to their disadvantage.
    • A judge could be removed only on proven misbehaviour.
    • He was entitled to a pension on retirement on the basis of his length
       of service.
    • His conduct as a judge was not to be a subject of debate in the
       legislature or outside.
Court’s Triple Jurisdiction The court had a triple jurisdiction: original,
appellate and advisory.
    • In the first, it was to hear all disputes between the units of the
       federation, between the units and the center alone, or with one or
       more units on one side and one or more on the other, where an
       interpretation of the Constitution was involved. In the second, it was
       to hear every case decided by the High Court in which the latter
       affirmed that it involved an interpretation of a provision of the
       Constitution Act.
    • Appeals against a decision of the Federal Court could be taken to the
       Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
    • The Court’s advisory opinion was given whenever sought, on a matter
       of law or fact, by the Governor General.
Provincial Autonomy
Provincial Executive
Reorganisation and Abolition of Diarchy With regard to the provinces,
Burma was separated from India and two new provinces, viz. Orissa and
Sind, were created. In view of the federal form of government at the center,
the provinces were provided legal identity. With the abolition of Diarchy, all
provincial subjects were transferred to popular control.
    • Governors were appointed on the advice of the Secretary of State, for
       a period of 5 years. Normally, senior officers of the I.C.S. were