•    Changes in the Arms Act enabling citizens to bear arms for self-
    Of the demands the first two were essentially peasant demands, three to
five were bourgeois in nature, while the last six represented the common
grievances of the Indian people. After waiting in vain for the government
response to his ultimatum for 41 days, Gandhi started the movement with his
famous Dandi March (March 12 to April 6, 1930) from the Sabarmati
Ashram to Dandi on the Gujarat coast.
Dandi March
The Lahore session of the Congress (December 1929) witnessed the
unfurling of the flag of purna swaraj (complete independence). 26 January,
1930 was observed as ‘independence day’ throughout the country with
Gandhi’s call to the people that ‘it was a crime against God and man’ to
submit to the ‘Satanic British rule’ (Gandhi’s words). Next, Gandhi decided
to start his campaign by breaking the Salt Laws. On 12 March, Gandhi along
with his group of 78 or 79 volunteers started his trek from Sabarmati Ashram
to Dandi on the Gujarat coast. Of the satyagrahis, who were drawn from all
parts of India, two were Muslims, one Christian and the rest Hindus.
    On April 5, Gandhi and his party reached Dandi. Next morning Gandhi
and his volunteers picked up salt lying on the coast, symbolically breaking
the salt laws. With this, salt became the symbol of India’s will to freedom.
This Salt Satyagraha lasted another two months, petering out as soon as the
monsoon arrived.
Different Phases
The first phase (March to September, 1930) witnessed the high point of
bourgeois participation in towns and peasant mobilisation in the villages on
issues like salt, no-revenue, picketing of liquor shops, and non-payment of
chaukidari tax.
    The second phase (October 1930 to March 1931) was marked by a clear
decline in the participation of the urban bourgeoisie (merchants and
industrialists) and also by their attempts to bring about a compromise
between the government and