representation caused a great controversy even before it began its task of
enquiring into the working of the system of government in British India, and
reporting on the desirability and extent of establishing the principle of
responsible government.
     Its impending visit to India provoked a popular political and even social
boycott. All the major political parties—the Congress, the All-India Liberal
Federation, the Muslim League, the Hindu Mahasabha—as well as the
Federation of the Indian Chambers of Commerce and the Mill-owners’
Association were signatories to a statement calling for a boycott of the
Commission. Those who welcomed it were either splinter groups, such as a
section of the Muslim league, or representatives of special or sectarian
interests, like Europeans, Anglo-Indians and the Depressed Classes.
     The Commission, nevertheless, completed its task. Its report, submitted in
1930, omitted any mention of Dominion Status even as a distant goal and
rejected all ideas of transfer of power at the centre. Autonomy in the
provinces, which was to replace the Montford version of Dyarchy, was
nothing but a camouflage.
     Predictably these proposals were completely rejected by the major
political parties in the country, including the Muslim League. Even Lord
Irwin found its findings as ‘lacking in imagination’ and sought to divert
attention by stressing the independent role of the forthcoming Round Table
Conference. Besides, the Commission’s findings were outpaced by events
like the Nehru Report as well as the viceroy’s declaration of October 31,1929
promising Dominion Status for India in the future.
Butler Committee (1927)
Along with the Simon Commission, the British government also announced
the setting up of a three member committee consisting of Harcourt Butler,
W.S. Holdsworth and S.C. Peel to inquire into the relationship between the
Indian States and the Paramount Power and to suggest ways and means for a
more satisfactory adjustment of the existing economic relations between them
and British India.
     Officially called the Indian States Committee, it visited 16 Indian States.
Its report, submitted in 1929, observed that the relationship of the Paramount