the medium.
educational system.
Reason (R): Modern ideas spread faster and deeper in countries where they
were propa- gated through indigenous languages rather than English.
Assertion (A): Arya Samajis were responsible for the rise of extremism in the
Indian National Congress.
Reason (R): Many of them were in the forefront of the National Movement.
Assertion (A): Swami Oayanand was the first to recommend swadeshi.
Reason (R): He was the first to use the word swaraj.
Assertion (A): British residents in India vehemently protested against the
IIbert Bill.
Reason (R): The bill proposed to establish social equality in the
administration of justice.
Assertion (A): In the second half of the 19th century several political
associations were established by the modern Indian intelligentsia.
Reason (R): This period witnessed the flowering of national political
Assertion (A): Raja Rammohan Roy was one of the first Indian leaders to
start an agitation for political reforms.
Reason (R): He founded the Landholders’ Society at Calcutta in 1838.
Assertion (A): Most of the pre-Congress nationalist organisations were not
real representative bodies.
Reason (R): Their leadership as well as membership was confined to a few
people, and they dealt mostly with local questions.
Assertion (A): Dadabhai Naoroji organised the East India Association in
Reason (R): He wanted to influence the British ilublic opinion.
Assertion (A): Dwarakanath Tagore was one of the founder-members of the
Landholders’ Society of Calcutta.
Reason (R): The society was the first example of an organised constitutional
agitation of redress of grievances.
Assertion (A): In 1851 the Landholders’ Society and the Bengal British India
Society merged to form the British     Indian Association.