budgets were to be passed by the provincial councils. However, insofar as the
‘reserved’ half was outside the purview of a council, the Governor was
empowered to certify such bills and restore such grants as had been rejected
by the legislature if he considered such action necessary for the proper
fulfilment of his responsibility to Parliament.
• While the 1909 Act had laid down the maximum number of seats in
the councils, the Act of 1919 specified the minimum. Thus, as against
a maximum of 50 in the provinces, the new chambers had a minimum
of over 100. Madras had 118, Bombay, 111 and Bengal, 125.
• Members could ask questions as well as supplementaries. They could
discuss resolutions to ventilate public grievances and move for
adjournment to take note of matters of urgent public interest. Not only
did they have a general discussion on the budget but they also voted
• Their major limitation lay in the special powers with which the
Governor was vested, both in law-making, as well as voting on the
• The term of a council was three years. After its dissolution, a new
council was to be elected within a period of 6 months.
Who founded the Amrita Bazar Patrika?
(a) Sisirkumar Ghosh
(b) Girishchandra Ghosh
(c) Harishchandra Mukherji
(d) S. N. Banerji
What is the name of the Bengali monthly founded and edited by
Bankimchandra Chatterji in 1873?
Who was the secretary of state for India at the time of the foundation of